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Archive for May, 2007

SREBRENICA GENOCIDE RESEARCH – SELECT YOUR TOPIC

May 28, 2007 3 comments

Last Updated: August 19th, 2009.
List of all articles published at Srebrenica Genocide Blog
(in chronological order from newest to oldest)

(+) 40,000 Muslims Targeted for Extinction in Srebrenica – Judge Theodor Meron
(+) Genocide Under the UN Flag – Srebrenica 1995-2009
(+) Takis Michas Harassed by Former Greek Mercenaries
(+) Remains of Col. Avdo Palic Located
(+) Congressman Russ Carnahan on the Anniversary of the Fall of Zepa
(+) Congressman Christopher H. Smith on the Anniversary of the Fall of Zepa
(+) Congressman Andre Carson on the Anniversary of the Fall of Zepa
(+) Readership Statistics for July 2009
(+) Carlos Martins Branco has No Credibility
(+) Newborn Babies in a Mass Grave
(+) Serbia and Remembrance Day of the Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Srebrenica Girls Shout Back “THIS IS BOSNIA!”
(+) Response to Carl Bildt
(+) Destruction of Material Evidence Calls for a New Lawsuit
(+) Zdravko Tolimir (aka: “Chemical Tolimir”) is Losing his Mind
(+) ACTION ALERT: Radovan Karadzic Charges to be Reduced to Speed Up the Trial
(+) Holocaust Survivor & Others Honor Srebrenica Genocide Victims
(+) Milan Lukic Sentenced to Life Imprisonment, Sredoje Lukic Gets 30 years
(+) Grand Rapids, MI Proclaims Srebrenica Remembrance Day and Bosnia-Herzegovina Tribute Week
(+) Borough of Highland Park, NJ Adopts Bosnian Genocide Resolution
(+) Kentwood, MI Proclaims Srebrenica Remembrance Day
(+) Action Alert: Remove Judge Christoph Flügge from the Bench
(+) Interview with Zuhra Osmanovic, survivor of the Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Boxer Adnan Catic (Felix Sturm) Pays Tribute to Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Kamenica Mass Grave Excavations Continue
(+) Serbian Thugs Cause Provocations in Srebrenica and Bratunac
(+) 14th Anniversary: 534 Victims of Genocide Finally Laid to Rest (PHOTOS)
(+) Srebrenica Massacre Victims Prepare for Burial (PHOTOS)
(+) Latest developments for Friday, July 10th 2009.
(+) Srebrenica Peace March 2009: Interactive Maps and Photos
(+) DNA Results Reveal 6186 Victims of Genocide, So Far
(+) Tensions Rise in Kravica Village Near Srebrenica
(+) Names of 534 DNA-identified Victims Scheduled for Burial on July 11 2009
(+) Convoy with Caskets of 534 DNA-identified Victims Arrives to Srebrenica (PHOTOS)
(+) Srebrenica Peace March 2009 Live Feed Updates
(+) Srebrenica Convoy Leaves Sarajevo, Heads to Srebrenica Genocide Memorial (PHOTOS)
(+) Final Preparations for the 14th Anniversary of the Srebrenica Genocide (PHOTOS)
(+) Exhibition: Mass Graves in Bosnia-Herzegovina
(+) ICTY Judge Christoph Fluegge’s Impartiality Questioned
(+) Serb Villages Around Srebrenica
(+) ICTY Responds: We Will Not Drop Key Charges Against Karadzic
(+) Midhat Salihovic Arrested and Released
(+) Serbs Celebrate, while Bosniaks Bury Genocide Victims
(+) Bosnian Jew Sven Alkalaj Wants Srebrenica Genocide Memorials Every Month
(+) Protected Documents Leaked: Serbia’s Deal with the Hague Tribunal
(+) State of Michigan: Srebrenica Genocide Resolution
(+) State of Missouri: Srebrenica Genocide Resolution
(+) City of Saint Louis: Srebrenica Genocide Proclamation
(+) Action Alert: Tell U.N. Judges Not to Drop Key Charges Against Radovan Karadzic
(+) Unclassified Documents Refute Karadzic Claims re ‘Immunity Deal’
(+) Second Srebrenica Genocide Trial Concludes in Bosnia-Herzegovina
(+) Zeljko Ivanovic Pleads Not Guilty
(+) Trial Chamber Visits Zagreb, Sarajevo and Srebrenica in Momcilo Perisic Case
(+) Milan Martic Judgement Shows Slobodan Milosevic’s Guilt
(+) 14th Annual Peace March (2009): 110 kilometres (68.35 miles) long march
(+) Slobodan Milosevic’s Friend Naser Oric: 2 years in jail
(+) VIDEO: How is it Possible? (Witness DD)
(+) Serb Vandals Desecrate Grave of a Murdered Muslim Baby
(+) Nazi Serbia Participated in the Holocaust of Jews
(+) Book: Na Drini Genocid (Genocide on the River Drina) by Edina Becirevic
(+) Westerbork Memorial Center: Photo Database of Srebrenica Genocide Victims
(+) VIDEO: Ratko Mladic Footage Leaked by Federal TV in Bosnia-Herzegovina
(+) Carl Savich: Genocide Denier and Unreliable Source for the Holocaust Research
(+) Zeljko Ivanovic – Genocide Indictment Confirmed
(+) Ratko Mladic Diaries Revealed
(+) Funeral: 43 Bosniak Victims of the 1992 Zvornik Massacre
(+) VIDEO: Srebrenica Genocide Testimonies by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
(+) VIDEO: Ron Haviv Eyewitness Testimony by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
(+) New Srebrenica Mass Grave Discovered
(+) US Vice President Joe Biden in Sarajevo
(+) Jasa Almuli Minimized the Holocaust and Tried to Rehabilitate Nazi Fascists
(+) Bosnian Muslim Boy Describes Holocaust Suffering of Samuel R. Harris
(+) Nebojsa Malic – Disgraced Srebrenica Genocide Denier
(+) 17th Anniversary Since May 1992 Massacres of Bosniaks in Srebrenica Started
(+) Monument to 1600 Sarajevo Children Killed by Serbian Terrorists
(+) U.N. Tribunal Destroys Evidence of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) 6,006 Bodies of Srebrenica Genocide Victims Found and Excavated
(+) Jerusalem Post Remembers Bosniaks & Croats in Concentration Camps
(+) Serbian Involvement in the Holocaust and the Destruction of Jews
(+) Victims of Serb Terrorism around Srebrenica Laid to Rest
(+) Bosniak MP Commemorates the Holocaust Remembrance Day – Yom Hashoah
(+) Four Srebrenica Genocide Survivors Severely Tortured into Forced Confessions
(+) 1,000 New Funerals for Srebrenica Genocide Victims Scheduled for July 2009
(+) Translated Transcript of Genocide Prevention Ceremony in Sarajevo
(+) VIDEO: Genocide Prevention Month
(+) Anniversary: Massacre of Srebrenica’s Children, April 12 1993.
(+) Congressman Chris Smith Speaks Against Srebrenica Genocide Denial
(+) Two New Mass Graves Found
(+) Edward S. Herman – Genocide Denier Caught in Lies, Again
(+) Mothers of Srebrenica File Appeal in a Case Against the Netherlands
(+) Srebrenica Historical Project: Genocide Denial NGO Led by Stefan Karganovic
(+) ICTY Prosecutors Must Not Make Same Mistakes in Karadzic Trial
(+) Jews and Bosnian Muslims Have Joint Experience in Persecution and Genocide in Europe
(+) Dragan Jokic Refuses to Testify, Convicted of Contempt
(+) Fata Orlovic: Target of Serb Extremists that Built Church in her Front-Yard
(+) Momcilo Krajisnik Sentenced to 20 Years by U.N. Appeals Chamber
(+) Miss Oregon’s Father, Milenko Krstic, Srebrenica Genocide Suspect
(+) Self-Styled “Experts” in Demonizing Bosniaks
(+) Srebrenica Genocide Suspect Zeljko Ivanovic in Custody, Arrested in Pale
(+) Serbs File Lawsuit Against U.N. to Diminish Significance of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Fugitive Nedjo Ikonic Sentenced to 1 Year in U.S. Prison for Lying
(+) Serbian Thugs Chant “Knife, Wire, Srebrenica” at the Australian Open
(+) U.N. Judges Approve Two Genocide Charges Against Radovan Karadzic
(+) Senida Becirovic (aka: Mila Jankovic): Abducted, Baptized, Found 16 years later
(+) Action Alert: Help us Convict Srebrenica Genocide Fugitive!
(+) European Parliament Adopts Srebrenica Genocide Resolution
(+) Life in Prison: Stanislav Galic Transfered to Serve Sentence in Germany
(+) Momir Pelemis and Slavko Peric Plead Not Guilty in Srebrenica Genocide Trial
(+) Srebrenica Convict Dragan Jokic Transfered to Serve Sentence in Austria
(+) In Memoriam: Dr. Nedret Mujkanovic, Srebrenica’s War Surgeon and a True Hero
(+) Bosnian Muslim Women, Children, and Elderly Burned Alive by Serbs Around Srebrenica
(+) 8,372 Victims of Srebrenica Genocide, Federal Commission for Missing Persons
(+) Alleged Deal Between Richard Holbrooke and Radovan Karadzic Ruled Invalid
(+) Foreseeable Genocide: Testimony by Pierre Salignon (Médecins Sans Frontières)
(+) Testimony of Christina Schmitz & Daniel O’Brien, Doctors Without Borders
(+) Naser Oric Factsheet: The Facts Do Not Support Equivalence Thesis
(+) Facebook Shuts Down Srebrenica Genocide Denial Hate Group
(+) Ljiljana Bulatovic-Medic: Extremist Writer and Denier of Genocide in Srebrenica
(+) Ratko Mladic: Hunt for Futigive Orchestrator of Srebrenica Genocide Intensifies
(+) Biljana Plavsic Loses 2nd Appeal, Former Geneticist in the Service of Great Crime
(+) 5,800 Srebrenica Genocide Victims DNA Identified
(+) Fake Photos of Serb “Victims” Around Srebrenica Used to Justify Srebrenica Genocide
(+) 933 Body Remains of Srebrenica Genocide Victims Exhumed from Kamenica
(+) VIDEO: Lost Images of Srebrenica Genocide (29 minutes)
(+) Interview with a Killer: Monsters of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Torture of Bosniaks in Sanjak (Serbia and Montenegro)
(+) In Support of Florence Hartmann, Human Rights Organizations
(+) Mladen Blagojevic Found Guilty for Crimes Against Humanity
(+) Two Bosnian Serb Commanders Arrested Over Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Resolution 819 (2008 – movie) and Resolution 819 (1993 – U.N.)
(+) Electoral Fraud in Srebrenica, Another Way to Legalize Results of Genocide
(+) Vaso Todorovic Found Guilty, Plea Bargain Helps Avoid Genocide Charges
(+) VIDEO: Massacre of 62 Bosniak Children in Srebrenica, 152 Wounded
(+) Child Victim of Srebrenica, Blinded by Shrapnel Mortar
(+) Denier of Genocide in Srebrenica: Stephen Karganovic, aka Stefan Karganovic
(+) Dutchat Veterans Condemn Marco Van Hees’ Srebrenica Genocide Denial
(+) Kamenica Mass Grave Yields 362 Bodies, Around 4,000 Total
(+) Meet Genocide Deniers: Marco Van Hees (Dutchbat) and Alexandar Gavrilovic
(+) Sanela Jenkins (aka: Sanela Catic) Donates $4 million to UCLA for Advocacy
(+) President of Bosnia Reminds U.N. 200,000 Died in Bosnian Genocide
(+) Radovan Karadzic Faces Two Separate Counts of Genocide
(+) More Srebrenica Victims Excavated from Notorious Death Valley Mass Graves
(+) Ratko Mladic: War Criminal’s Fingerprints Mysteriously Missing
(+) Dutch Civil Court Sides with Dutch Government, Dismisses Srebrenica Survivors Suit
(+) Court: Will Dutch Government Accept Responsibility for 8,372 Victims of Genocide?
(+) Judgment in the Civil Case Against the Dutch Case Tomorrow
(+) Florence Hartmann Acted in the Interest of Justice
(+) 15 Activist Dutch (Dutchbat) Soldiers to Testify in Karadzic’s Defense
(+) Can Genocide be Committed by letting the Women and Children “Go”?
(+) Hasan Nuhanovic Interview: The U.S. Holocaust Museum
(+) Remembering Concentration Camps in Bosnia
(+) Elie Wiesel, Holocaust Survivor, Remembers Radovan Karadzic
(+) Radovan Karadzic – Gaunt and Tired, First Court Appearance
(+) Radovan Karadzic in the Hague, his Defence Lawyer Admits Lying
(+) Landmark Ruling: 7 Accussed Found Guilty of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Radovan Karadzic’s Family Knew His Whereabouts, Protected War Criminal
(+) Radovan Karadzic – New Details Emerge about Srebrenica Genocide Mastermind
(+) July 27th – 13th Anniversary of the Fall of Zepa
(+) Radovan Karadzic (aka Dragan David Dabic) is Finally Arrested!
(+) Serb Police in Kravica Ban Relatives from Laying Flowers to Genocide Victims
(+) 13th Anniversary of Srebrenica Genocide (with photos)
(+) Grossly Inflated Numbers of Serb “victims” Used to Justify Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Chemical Weapons Used Against Srebrenica & Zepa Civilians, Eyewitness Accounts
(+) UN: Naser Oric Acquitted of War Crimes Against Serbs during Srebrenica Defense
(+) James Bissett, Canadian Srebrenica Genocide Denier in Ottawa Citizen
(+) Dutch graffiti in Srebrenica: the sickening legacy of the United Nations
(+) Child victims, the youngest victim 5-year old Naida Hodzic, Zaklopaca Mass Grave
(+) Children from 7 – 11 years of age shot to death: Zeleni Jadar Mass Grave
(+) Srebrenica Genocide Survivors Attend a Court Hearing Against Netherlands
(+) Were Men and Boys Only Victims of Srebrenica Genocide?
(+) Stojan Zupljanin Identity DNA Confirmed, Lied to Police
(+) Serb War Crimes Fugitive Stojan Zupljanin Arrested
(+) Serb Victims of Serbian Government Propaganda
(+) Genocide Survivors Condemn Serb Police Presente at Srebrenica Genocide Memorial
(+) Two Srebrenica Genocide Suspects in Bosnian Custody: Vaso Todorovic, Zoran Tomic
(+) The Dutch State Failed in its Duty to Protect Civilian Victims of Genocide at Srebrenica
(+) Under the U.N. Flag: The International Community and the Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Alexandros Lykourezos: Srebrenica Genocide Denier
(+) The United Nations on the Srebrenica’s Pillar of Shame
(+) Holocaust Remembrance Day, Yom Hashoah
(+) E.U. Deal with Serbia Sickens Srebrenica Genocide Victims
(+) Open letter by 54 World Acadmics and Intellectuals to the ICTY and ICJ
(+) Grim anniversary: 5 years since the first victims laid to rest in Potocari
(+) President Bush authorizes military assistance to Republic of Kosovo
(+) Some facts “they” won’t tell you, and we think you should know…
(+) ICTY: Bosnian Serbs were Under Control of Belgrade
(+) Human Rights Organization Condemns Darko Trifunovic
(+) Serbian Terrorists Attack U.S. Embassy in Belgrade
(+) Kosovo Declares Independence: Bye, Bye Serbia
(+) Bill Clinton: Shameful Legacy (Arms Embargo)
(+) Murdered Children: Partial List of Child Victims of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) FBI Opened File on Darko Trifunovic, self-proclaimed “terror expert”
(+) Dutch Demand Serbia Arrest Top War Criminals
(+) Darko Trifunovic: Fear, Prejudice, and Srebrenica Genocide Denial
(+) Milenko Stjepanovic: Travesty of Justice and Genocide Accountability Act
(+) U.S. Genocide Accountability Act: Call for an Arrest of Serb Suspects
(+) Darko Trifunovic Part 2: Investigative work by readers
(+) Happy Holidays! Christmas Eve in Sarajevo Video
(+) Jasenovac Research Institute – Organization ran by Srebrenica Genocide Deniers
(+) WW2 Genocide of Bosniaks Muslims by Serbian Nazi Chetnik Fascists
(+) Darko Trifunovic Part 1: Srebrenica Genocide Denier
(+) Serb Terrorist Convicted: Justice for 1,500 children; 12,000 civilians
(+) Holocaust was Genocide, too
(+) Srebrenica Numbers: Quick Facts
(+) Mia Farrow and Srebrenica Survivors Protest Darfur
(+) What We’re Reading?
(+) Serbian Photo Propaganda – Fascist Techniques
(+) No Legal Immunity for the U.N. and Netherlands
(+) Death Valley yields 616 more Srebrenica victims
(+) Srebrenica genocide suspects give up fight
(+) Beware of “The Centre for Peace in the Balkans”
(+) Milivoje Ivanisevic – disturbed mind of genocide denial
(+) Dutch revisit Srebrenica; Serbs continue genocide denial
(+) VIDEO: Donate to Srebrenica Memorial Quilt (Advocacy Project)
(+) Dissecting Milosevic Propaganda
(+) Radovan Karadzic and Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Mass Grave: Srebrenica Children Shot in Head
(+) List of Suspects Getting Away with Genocide
(+) Great Powers & Srebrenica Genocide
(+) Mind of a Sick Monster: Trial of Chemical Tolimir
(+) Serbian Human Rights Activist Facing Jail for Demanding Justice for Srebrenica
(+) European Court of Human Rights Uphelds 1997 Bosnian Genocide Judgment
(+) May Their Souls Rest in Peace: 12th Anniversary of Srebrenica Genocide
(+) SREBRENICA GENOCIDE: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (as of July 9th, 2007)
(+) Upcoming Genocide Conference in Sarajevo
(+) Srebrenica Genocide Memorial No Longer Under Serb Jurisdiction
(+) More Srebrenica massacre Suspects Arrested in the U.S.
(+) The Bosnian Book of Dead – The Most Extensive Study on B&H Casualties
(+) Milorad Trbic, Srebrenica Protests, and Dutch Graffiti
(+) U.N. & Dutch cowards on Trial (analysis of shameful failures)
(+) U.N., Dutch complicity in Srebrenica genocide
(+) Use of chemical weapons requested by Chemical Tolimir
(+) Genocide suspect, Zdravko Tolimir (aka: Chemical Tolimir), arrested
(+) Glogova massacre architect dead
(+) DNA: 8,000 victims; certainly not less
(+) Case Blagojevic: new failure of international justice
(+) Life in Hell, Enclave of “Safe Haven” – Facing Genocide 7/11
(+) Srebrenica files: censorship of evidence and Serb veto
(+) Four on trial of which two deported from the U.S.
(+) Where is war crimes fugitive Radovan Karadzic?
(+) Serbia convicts Scorpions over videotaped massacre
(+) Serbia’s darkest pages hidden from genocide court
(+) More arrests of Serb war criminals in the U.S.
(+) Cowards on trial for crimes against women & children
(+) Milosevic’s death saved Serbia from genocide responsibility
(+) Falsification of Serb victims around Srebrenica
(+) Srebrenica wants out of Serb political entity
(+) Slobodan Milosevic – Child Killer
(+) Serbia does not have the intelligence to enter the E.U.
(+) Chief U.N. Prosecutor, Carla Del Ponte, slams muted Genocide response
(+) Injustice continues: Threats, Denial, Mass Exodus
(+) Rupert Smith: “No evidence Muslims shelled themselves”
(+) ICJ: Politics & Justice don’t mix
(+) Bosnia vs Serbia: perverse judgment?
(+) ICJ ruling is a dangerous precedent
(+) ICJ rules Serbia guilty of not preventing genocide
(+) David Harland responsible for revisionist Markale massacre myth
(+) Survivor, Hasan Nuhanovic, about Dutch metal of betrayal
(+) Knife, Wire, Srebrenica – slogans of hate in Serbia
(+) Serbia: no real political will to arrest fugitive Gen Ratko Mladic
(+) Bosnia: the help that mattered, by Alija Izetbegovic
(+) Reason why Momcilo Krajisnik avoided genocide conviction
(+) ICTY: Momcilo Krajisnik sentenced to 27 years in prison
(+) Genocide trials and Srebrenica massacre mass graves
(+) Darfur genocide in progress – responsibility to protect?
(+) Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats – say yes to peace
(+) List of Srebrenica genocide suspects & perpetrators
(+) Srebrenica genocide survivors continue to receive threats
(+) Genocide trial without Gen Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic
(+) General Lewis MacKenzie: genocide denier, paid Serb lobbyist, rapist
(+) Srebrenica genocide is a crime against all humanity
(+) Radical Serbian propaganda, case: Alija Selimagic
(+) Srebrenica massacre grave yields over 1,000 body parts
(+) Bosnia reborn, staging one helluva comeback
(+) Qana: massacre of children in Lebanon
(+) International conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1992-1995
(+) In remembrance: Colonel Avdo Palic, defender of Zepa enclave
(+) Radovan Karadzic: mad psychiatrist still on the run
(+) Germany hands first Bosnia genocide conviction, case of Nikola Jorgic
(+) “All sides suffered tremendously” – flawed case of moral equivalism
(+) 15 minutes of shame – 18 more suspects currently on trial
(+) Commemoration of the 11th anniversary of 7/11 Srebrenica massacre
(+) Srebrenica massacre answers: Facts vs Srebrenica genocide denial
(+) Bosnia to mark 11th anniversary of Srebrenica genocide
(+) Relativism of justice: Noam Chomsky, NIOD Report, Dutch Government, U.N. etc.
(+) March of death to honour victim of Srebrenica genocide
(+) Preparations for Srebrenica massacre anniversary – more victims unearthed
(+) The U.S. deports two Serbs wanted for Srebrenica genocide
(+) Srebrenica genocide lawsuit against the United Nations & Netherlands
(+) Four Srebrenica massacre suspects in the U.S. appear in court
(+) Naser Oric home, released by the International Crimes Tribunal
(+) Fair decision in Naser Oric case, defendant proved no direct involvement
(+) Marko Boskic in the U.S., Srebrenica murderer – new update
(+) Sick reasoning and attempts to justify Srebrenica massacre
(+) Unfinished business, genocide case from Milosevic era
(+) Serbia still admires Srebrenica genocide fugitives
(+) Stand off at the Security Council; Hague judges introduce impunity for crimes
(+) Chief U.N. War Crimes Prosecutor, Carla del Ponte, makes four points
(+) Women were also victims of Srebrenica genocide
(+) Serbian song praises Srebrenica massacre
(+) Srebrenica massacre: Frequently Asked Questions
(+) Peter Handke: Srebrenica genocide denier and Milosevic’s apologist
(+) Helping the children of Srebrenica – one heart at a time
(+) Srebrenica genocide must never be forgotten
(+) Myth about Serb victims around Srebrenica
(+) Srebrenica massacre revisionism cripples prospect of reconciliation
(+) Bosnia War Crimes Court opens genocide trial of eleven
(+) Srebrenica genocide suspect deported from the U.S.
(+) ICTY Prosecutors want Srebrenica massacre suspect tried in Bosnia
(+) Stopping genocide: taking the lead or muddling through?
(+) Slobodan Milosevic – bad man of the millenium
(+) Lessons from the Milosevic Trial
(+) The Milosevic account – his life and legacy
(+) Bosnian pyramid of the Sun, new tourist spot?
(+) Serbian media fuels disinformation
(+) Rodney Atkinson – Srebrenica genocide denier & Milosevic’s apologist
(+) Naser Oric trial ends – was it fair?
(+) “Fear of the oblivion is greater than the horrors suffered” – Amor Masovic
(+) Srebrenica genocide suspect wants his own confession kept out of court
(+) Serbian propaganda in action, case of ‘beheading’ of Rade Rogic
(+) Six Bosnian Serbs plead “not guilty” over Srebrenica massacre
(+) Proof of Death: tour to collect blood samples for DNA identification
(+) European Union deadlines Serbia one month to catch Gen. Ratko Mladic
(+) Omarska Concentration Camp in Bosnia – The Auschwitz no one had imaged
(+) Srebrenica and the London bombings: the ‘anti-war’ link
(+) Marko Boskic – a man who gunned down 1,200 Srebrenica Bosniaks
(+) Bush administration has no interest in prosecuting Srebrenica genocide criminals
(+) Serbia able, but not willing to arrest genocide suspects & indicted war criminals
(+) Roy Gutman on Milosevic and life in denial of truths
(+) Srebrenica – A Genocide Foretold, by Sylvie Matton
(+) Rwanda survivors traumatised over BBS genocide documentary
(+) World Chechnya Day – in remembrance of genocide
(+) Save Darfur – a rally to stop genocide
(+) Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina fought for democratic & multi-ethnic society
(+) ICTY Prosecutors regret series of tactical mistakes in Milosevic trial
(+) Phoenix, AZ – safe haven for Srebrenica genocide suspects
(+) Remembering Slobodan Milosevic as Adolf Hitler
(+) How to remember Milosevic? Last words…
(+) Some basic questions & answers regarding Srebrenica massacre
(+) Survivor, Hasan Nuhanovic, about NIOD Report’s key failures
(+) World Court asked to rule on genocide in Srebrenica
(+) “In front of God, I am certainly guilty.” – Srebrenica video killer
(+) Serbian media reports Ratko Mladic cornered
(+) Good day for humanity: Holocaust denial activist jailed
(+) Pictures of Beautiful Sarajevo, photo tour: Summer 2005
(+) Raising awareness for Chechnya genocide
(+) “Your lives are worth less than our bullets” – Manjaca Concentration Camp
(+) Take action to end genocide in Darfur
(+) Women of Srebrenica hold peaceful protests
(+) Definition of Srebrenica genocide denial and revisionism
(+) The Guardian, Noam Chomsky, and Milosevic lobby
(+) Controversial research minimizes Bosniak victims due to technical reasons
(+) U.S. Congress Resolution 199 on Srebrenica genocide
(+) CIA transcript on indicted Serb war criminal, Gen Ratko Mladic
(+) 8,106 victims; response to Edward Herman’s false assertions
(+) Srebrenica still waiting for justice
(+) Srebrenica – defending the truth, 24 signatories
(+) Croatian court jails convicted Srebrenica massacre killer
(+) Serb soldier gets 15 years for videotaped killngs, no remorse
(+) “The Left Revisionists” and Srebrenica genocide deniers identified
(+) Against “leftist-apologist” revisionism of Srebrenica genocide
(+) Serbia, 2nd defendent admits killing Srebrenica Bosniaks
(+) Denial of Srebrenica videotaped killings collapses
(+) There was genocide in Srebrenica and it continues to win…
(+) Noam Chomsky’s genocidal denial
(+) Bosnia’s rape babies: abandoned by their families, forgotten by the state
(+) Bosnian Serb Government admits Srebrenica genocide planned
(+) Serb Gen Stanislav Galic guilty of Sarajevo terrorism & markale massacre
(+) The U.S. Jury awards $4.5 billion verdict against Radovan Karadzic
(+) ICTY: Radislav Krstic convicted of Srebrenica genocide, 46 years sentence
(+) U.N. Court rules Serbs responsible for 1994 Sarajevo’s markale massacre
(+) U.N. Conclussions: Serbs responsible for 1995 Sarajevo’s markale massacre
(+) U.N. Report: Fall of Srebrenica & the role of Bosniak forces on the ground
(+) U.S. offers $5 million reward for capture of Gen Ratko Mladic
(+) U.S. offers $5 million reward for capture of Radovan Karadzic
(+) Radovan Karadzic & Ratko Mladic: wanted fugitives
(+) Vinko Pandurevic and Milorad Trbic in pre-trial
(+) Momcilo Perisic in pre-trial
(+) Zdravko Tolimir, Radivoje Miletic, Milan Gvero in pre-trial
(+) Ljubomir Borovcanin in pre-trial
(+) Dragan Nikolic in pre-trial
(+) Ljubisa Beara in pre-trial
(+) Vujadin Popovic in pre-trial
(+) Slobodan Milosevic on trial, 66 counts of genocide & crimes against humanity
(+) Momir Nikolic – guilty verdict
(+) Vidoje Blagojevic and Dragan Jokic – guilty verdict
(+) Dragan Obrenovic – guilty verdict
(+) Radislav Krstic – guilty verdict
(+) Drazen Erdemovic – guilty verdict

GLOGOVA MASSACRE ARCHITECT DEAD

May 22, 2007 Comments off
MIROSLAV DERONJIC, WHO RECEIVED AN APPLAUSE FROM RADOVAN KARADZIC FOR GLOGOVA MASSACRE, DIES IN PRISON

Miroslav Deronjic, a former vice president of the nationalist Serb Democratic who was serving a 10-year sentence in Sweden for war crimes, has died of natural causes, Swedish officials said yesterday. During his trial at the International Crimes Tribunal, Deronjic had admitted ordering an attack on Glogova (a village in Bratunac municipality, just outside of Srebrenica) in 1992 in which 64 Bosniak villagers were massacred in cold blood. In his testimony Deronjic described former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic as being happy about the massacre and rewarding him with a round of an applause. He implicated Serbian Army in the massacre and also testified that Karadzic ordered all Srebrenica refugees to be killed, quote:

[W]hat he [Radovan Karadzic] meant was that when our army entered Srebrenica and when the Muslim army in Srebrenica was defeated, that they would start pulling out. And I concluded that he thought that we should kill everybody we could get our hands on.

Q.
So on this meeting of the 8th or 9th, did President Karadzic actually say, “Miroslav, they should be killed,” referring to any potential Muslim prisoners?

A.
Yes. And this is something I have told the Prosecution about. I mentioned this sentence to the Prosecution. I’m not sure about every word, but “kill,” I remember this word being used. He said, “All those who are down there, they should be killed. Kill all those you manage to kill.” That’s what I can remember. [Court Transcript]

After the Glogova Massacre, Deronjic went to Pale (war-time Bosnian Serb capital) to meet Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. When Deronjic walked in a large conference hall, Karadzic was sitting at a table with a map in front of him. With him were Bosnian Serb army commander-in-chief General Ratko Mladic and one of Karadzic’s officials, Velibor Ostojic. Deronjic said that when he reported that the village of Glogova had been burnt down and its Bosniak population deported, the three men broke into applause. “Now we can colour Bratunac in blue,” said Ostojic. Blue is a traditional Serb national colour.

During the war, Deronjic was chief of the Bratunac crisis staff, an ad hoc Bosnian Serb local government, during the time when forces under his control attacked the Bosniak village of Glogova in May 1992. Deronjic was the only person to be convicted for Bratunac related crimes in which over 600 Bosniaks died.

In a signed statement, which he gave to the International Crimes Tribunal, attached to his plea agreement was evidence implicating the Yugoslav army and Serbian police and paramilitaries in the massacre. In his statement, he said that, as a confidant of Karadzic and a central board member of the latter’s Serbian Democratic Party, he was aware that in the months leading up to the war both the Yugoslav army and Serbia’s interior ministry were arming Bosnian Serbs.

In mid-April 1992, volunteers from Serbia poured into the town of Bratunac, on the river Drina. They came under an agreement between the leaders of the Bosnian Serbs and Serbia itself, said Deronjic. The volunteers immediately killed some of the most prominent Bosniaks.

Deronjic, who was 52, had been convicted of ordering an attack on a Bosnian village Glogova in 1992 which resulted in a massacre of 64 Bosniaks.

The war crimes tribunal in The Hague sentenced him in 2004 and rejected an appeal the following year after which he was moved to Sweden to serve his sentence.

“He died from natural causes last night in a hospital in Sweden,” said Christer Isaksson, head of security at the Swedish Prison and Probation Service.

Isaksson gave no more details about the circumstances or place of Deronjic’s death.

Deronjic was a prominent member of the Serb Democratic Party (SDS) in the Bratunac region of eastern Bosnia (just outside Srebrenica) during the 1992-95 conflict.

He was sentenced in March 2004 after pleading guilty to persecution, a crime against humanity, the previous year.

Yugoslav army and Bosnian Serb forces razed the village of Glogova to the ground, setting alight its mosque, homes, warehouses, fields and haystacks in May, 1992.

Sweden signed a 1999 agreement with the UN tribunal to offer prison space for convicted war criminals.

Former Bosnian Serb president Biljana Plavsic is serving an 11-year jail term for crimes against humanity in a Swedish prison. Plavsic was convicted in 2003 by the UN War Crimes Tribunal.

As a high-ranking war-time Bosnian Serb politician, some of Plavsic’s statements included:

“I would prefer completely to cleanse eastern Bosnia of Muslims. When I say cleanse, I don’t want anyone to take me literally and think I mean ethnic cleansing. But they’ve attached this label ‘ethnic cleansing’ to a perfectly natural phenomenon and characterized it as some kind of war crime.”

As a professor of Biology, Plavsic promoted her big scientific discovery by claiming that Bosniaks were “genetically deformed.” According to her interview, her dream heroes were mass killers such was paramilitary leader Arkan who participated in the Eastern Bosnia massacres and ethnic cleansings. [more on Biljana Plavsic ‘science’].

Slobodan Milosevic, who was on trial at The Hague for 66 counts of genocide and war crimes, also died in prison last year in the 5th year of his trial. Milosevic’s death prevented a final judgment in his case.

In a recent mass burial of Bosniak victims in Bratunac, Bosnian Serb residents were unwilling to comment. Only Dragica Todorovic, a 50 year-old Serb woman was willing to speak about the burial site. Todorovic said she was sorry that part of a field she had used as a garden was now turned into a cemetery.

“I’m only sad about my potatoes. I will ask the municipality to reimburse my loss,” she said.

DNA: 8,000+ VICTIMS; CERTAINLY NOT LESS

May 12, 2007 2 comments
“We can for the first time say that the 8,000—maybe more but certainly not less missing from Srebrenica is accurate.” Source: The International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP)

Photo credits: Archived bone samples of Srebrenica
massacre victims in ICMP’s
center in Tuzla.

DIGGING UP THE SECRETS OF THE DEAD

Mass graves are still turning up on the killing fields of Bosnia. Behind the ongoing battle to identify who the bodies are and how many people really died there.

By Ginanne Brownell
Newsweek [Republished for Fair Use Only. ]

The genocidal massacres of Srebrenica took place more than a decade ago, but Kathryne Bomberger relives them every day. As the director general of the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP), Bomberger spends a good portion of her days visiting mass graves. Another grim stop: the Podrinje Identification Project (PIP) in Tuzla, Bosnia. Specially built to house recovered remains of Srebrenica victims, it is filled from floor to ceiling with body bags and thousands of bones.

There are also poignant personal items like clothing, photos and, in one instance, a handwritten German-Bosnian dictionary. Bosnian and international anthropologists and archaeologists extract DNA and use ante-mortem reports from family members to identify which skull goes with which arm. It’s a painstakingly long process—and one that Bomberger says is only half done. For the ICMP, Srebrenica is only one part of a story of missing people across the globe—the organization has used its specialized technology to identify remains from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and from Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. Bomberger, who hails from the U.S. state of Virginia, spoke to NEWSWEEK’s Ginanne Brownell from the ICMP headquarters in Sarajevo about how far the group’s work has come and how far it still has to go. Excerpts:

NEWSWEEK: There has always been controversy about just how many people have gone missing in the Balkans. What are the numbers according to your DNA findings?

Kathryne Bomberger: From the region there were 40,000 missing overall, which includes Croatia and Kosovo. Of that number, about 30,000 were missing from Bosnia. We can for the first time say that the 8,000—maybe more but certainly not less—missing from Srebrenica is accurate. We can tell this based on the rate of blood-sample collection. You have to collect at least three different family members’ blood samples for every missing person. The 85,000 blood samples [collected so far] accounts for 28,000 different individuals missing from the conflict.

What do you say to those who claim the numbers are exaggerated?

Using DNA has proved to be an invaluable tool in providing truth regarding these disputed events. In 1999 we had hit a brick wall in making identifications—if there was no body there was no crime. After [former U.S. secretary of State] Madeleine Albright said [the United States] had satellite photos showing mass graves, the perpetrators went out and dug the bodies and moved them. We found one body in four different locations 50km [30 miles] apart. So we went to the families and said, “We are not sure if [DNA] is going to work but work with us and we will try.” We had to educate them about this DNA. We had to mount a huge campaign to take blood samples. We had to build a lab, and it was not until 2002 that we had a functioning process. We made our first DNA match of a 15-year-old boy from Srebrenica in 2001. So since that time to today we have made 12,000 DNA identifications of individuals in a five-year time span with over 1,000 for Thailand, 1,000 for the Balkan region and 9,000 for Bosnia. Of the 9,000 DNA matches, 4,174 of them relate to Srebrenica.

How much longer will this process take in Bosnia?

We hope by 2010 to assist in 9,000 to 10,000 DNA identifications—bringing the total to 20,000. A lot of people were identified before using DNA, so by 2010 probably most everybody will be accounted for. This is unique in history—we are a political organization that uses science as a tool to help find people. DNA proves that in this politically charged environment, where mass graves are political land mines being misused for political gain, we can provide concrete accurate evidence of what did happen.

Every year the graves keep popping up. Last year there were three exhumed with thousands of cases. How many graves do you expect to find this year?

Maybe three. [Since the end of the war] I would say about 500 or so mass graves have been discovered. We are hoping that the implementation of the national Missing Persons Institute this year, which will require that the abolition of the two separate offices in the two separate entities of Republica Srpska and the Federation [of Bosnia and Herzegovina], will merge to a national structure. [It] will create for the first time a unified list of missing persons.

Though Srebrenica makes news in Bosnia almost every day, the rest of the world seems to have forgotten what happened here. Does that depress you?

It just reinforces the work that you have to do and to getting it right. Dealing with the past is important for the future, so we need to document these atrocities and give a record of what happened. What you are ultimately hoping for—stupid us—is that it does not happen again. And of course it is happening again in Sudan.


Published by Newsweek on May 11th, 2007:
Digging Up the Secrets of the Dead. Republished for Fair Use Only [Educational / Non-Commercial purposes]. Photo credits for Archived Bone Samples in ICMP’s Center in Tuzla -from ICMP web site.

CASE BLAGOJEVIC: NEW FAILURE OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE

May 10, 2007 2 comments
“I DID NOT KNOW, THEREFORE, I AM NOT RESPONSIBLE”

EDITORIAL by Srebrenica Genocide Blog
(Feel free to republish with references)

Short Intro: How to win genocide acquittal with cheap arguments available at your local coffee bar? It would be quite humorous if it weren’t so sad. Failures of international justice continue at a rapid rate. Consider recent judgment in a case of Serb Col. Vidoje Blagojevic, whose forces participated in a genocide of over 8,000 Bosniaks in Srebrenica during deadly moments of 7/11 1995…

Today, we have witnessed ‘continuity’ of failures produced by the United Nations and the International Crimes Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). It all started with the 1995 massacre in the “safe enclave” of Srebrenica, where over 8,000 Bosniaks were summarily executed by the Bosnian Serb Army in front of very noses of the UN peacekeepers. Not to mention catastrophic failures with respect to the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, where Chief UN War Crimes Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte, made a deal with Belgrade to keep crucial evidence censored (as a result, this type of censorship of evidence may have saved Serbia from genocide resonsibility at the International Crimes Tribunal.)

Today, we have witnessed another catastrophy at the ICTY where Serb Col. Vidoje Blagojevic won acquittal on his earlier complicity in genocide conviction. Vidoje Blagojevic who, by the way, happens to facially resemble Adolf Hitler (see photo), seemed unmoved. Neverthless, in January 2005, the ICTY handed down the second Srebrenica Genocide judgment finding Col. Vidoje Blagojevic guilty of complicity in genocide committed after the fall of the UN protected enclave in July 1995; the U.N. sentenced him to 18 years of imprisonment. But today, the Tribunal’s appeals chamber had a change of heart and concluded that Col. Blagojevic, former commander of Bratunac Brigade of Republika Srpska Army, supposedly did not know about the mass murders taking place and “was only providing logistical support”. Our initial response to this judgment was: “Yeah, right. Another insult to human intelligence. How much insult can a reasonable human being really take?”

As concluded by the chamber, this means that Col. Blagojevic “did not share the intention to commit genocide,” stated chairman Judge Fausto Pocar (Italian). If we could go all the way back to 1991, it would be beneficial to let Judge Fausto Pocar spend years in the enclave under siege, and experience (the first hand) how it felt to be subjected to Col. Blagojevic’s terror; not to mention widespread starvation and lack of medical necessities. Maybe only then, Judge Fausto Pocar would have clearer picture of genocidal sufering that Col. Blagojevic’s forces subjected citizens of Srebrenica to.

Only a naive fool can believe that Col. Blagojevic did not know about Genocide when his forces were committing it. In fact, original judges agreed he was responsible for complicity in genocide; however, Judge Fausto Pocar disagreed. It would be interesting to know true leanings of Judge Fausto Pocar – is he objective (as any judge should be), or does he takes sides? Clearly, original judges saw the case in a different light. Sadly, victims of genocide and their traumatized families will never be able to reverse events of 7/11 1995. At that time, armed forces of Serb Gen. Ratko Mladic and the Bosnian Serb war-time leader Radovan Karadzic, rounded up over 8,000 Srebrenica Bosniaks (includings hundreds of children), summarily killed them, threw them in mass graves, later reburied them in different locations to hide the crime, and forcefully expelled thousands of other Bosniaks from their homes. There will be no appeal for victim’s lives; however, war criminals will continue to have “second chances” with respect to technicalities of appeals and endless liberal philosophies.

Another Judge, Mohamed Shahabuddeen (Guyana), dissented on several grounds with Judge Fausto Pocar’s errors in logic. Some of dissenting arguments were in favor of Col. Blagojevic’s appeal, and some against – most notably on the ground to reverse Col. Blagojevic’s original conviction for complicity in genocide.

By the same decision, the chamber has supported the earlier verdict against Dragan Jokic – former chief of engineers of Zvornik Brigade, Republika Srpska Army – sentencing him to nine years’ imprisonment.

While it is extremely hard to prove genocide (almost impossible), once convicted – it is much easier to manipulate the system and get an acquittal, as evidenced in the case of Blagojevic. It seems that Judges are receptive to cheap defence arguments that people “did not know” or “did not intend” to commit genocide. So, according to the indictment against the two, Col. Blagojevic’s troops were involved in separation of men and women and their taking away in buses after the Army of Republika Srpska had entered Srebrenica. Jokic organised the machinery and forces needed for the digging of mass graves of more than 8,000 people killed in Srebrenica.

It seem in this world of ‘insecurity’, ironically only weapons of mass destruction may provide some security and guarantee of survival for those in danger – as the UN has proved to be totaly incapable to save those who can’t save themselves. For example, we witness genocide in Darfur unfolding every day while the UN fails to do anything to protect those poor people from barbarianism initiated by the Sudanese Arab-controlled government. The UN even avoids calling events in Darfur genocide, classifying it as a “massacre.” No wonder Israel does not have much confidence in the United Nations. Those who tirelessly criticize Israel’s nuclear weapons can’t seemingly understand that this small state absolutely needs it to protect itself from total destruction. In a world where small nations can’t rely on the United Nations’ protection, it is obvious that the rule of force is the only rule that guarantees survival.

Based on the allegations in the indictment, the prosecution had requested a sentence of 15 to 20 years for Jokic and 32 years for Blagojevic. The appeals judges, led by Judge Fausto Pocar, upheld Blagojevic’s other convictions for aiding and abetting murder, persecutions on political and racial grounds and inhumane acts. They also upheld the murder, extermination and persecution on racial grounds convictions of Dragan Jokic, 49, a major in the Bosnian Serb army’s Zvornik brigade. Both men were acquitted of allegations of command responsibility. The court said the men had merely passed on orders, rather than given them. Basically, anybody can use this argument as a defence – even Gen Ratko Mladic (if he ever gets caught). He could simply claim that he was passing orders from Radovan Karadzic or even late Slobodan Milosevic, and wash his hands from any responsibility. Therefore, the Blagojevic’s verdict is a total insult to any reasonable person’s intelligence. It seems that – after all – crime pays, given the fact of ridicolous lengths of sentences that were handed down to most (if not all) ICTY convicts for mass killings, rapes, persecutions, crimes against humanity, even genocide.

Another interesting observation worth pointing out is that by Mike Corder, the Associated Press correspondent, who reported on Col. Blagojevic’s total lack of emotions as well as his courage to shout – not in front of judges, but behind their backs (as is the most notable trait of those considered cowards). At least, Slobodan Milosevic was “brave” enough to entertain International judges by shouting at them and making all kinds of funny faces. Here are some examples of Milosevic in front of international judges photo one and photo two. Unfortunately, Milosevic was struck with heart attack, and therefore failed to be convicted on 66 counts of genocide and crimes against humanity. Back to Col. Blagojevic, Mike Corder notes:

“The two men’s trial exposed the grim mechanics of genocide, Blagojevic’s troops helped separate the men and women and load them onto on buses after Bosnian Serb troops and paramilitaries overran the eastern Bosnian enclave. Jokic organized machinery and troops to dig mass graves for some of the more than 8,000 Muslim men massacred…. Blagojevic appeared unmoved as the decision was read, but as the judges walked out of the court room, he shouted: ‘This is outrageous. You are protecting the criminal behavior of (Michael) Karnavas in the court room.’ Karnavas was a court-appointed defense attorney with whom Blagojevic refused to cooperate” (UN Appeals Judges Reverse Bosnian Serb Army Officer’s Srebrenica Genocide Conviction)

The Appeals Chamber stated that “no reasonable trier of fact could find beyond reasonable doubt that, without knowledge of the mass killings, Mr. Blagojevic’s awareness of the other facts related to the forcible transfer operation shows that he had knowledge of the principal perpetrators’ genocidal intent”. With respect to the “principal perpetrator’s genocidal intent”, the Judge was clearly refering to the indicted architects of the massacre, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his wartime military chief Gen. Ratko Mladic, both on the run, more than a decade after being indicted for genocide. There is a little or no hope they will ever be caught, as they are regarded as “holy” and “heroes” of mythical proportions among general Serb population.

So far, The ICTY has passed legally binding verdicts against six people indicted for Srebrenica genocide and crimes committed in Srebrenica since 1993, including the verdict for genocide against General Radislav Krstic, former commander of Drina Corps of the Bosnian Serb Army. The International Court of Justice also passed a verdict recognizing Srebrenica massacre as genocide in a case of Bosnia vs. Serbia. Additionally, trials against seven more Srebrenica indictees are ongoing, and three are still to start. Other trials are ongoing in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

LIFE IN HELL, ENCLAVE OF “SAFE HAVEN”

May 7, 2007 7 comments

FACING GENOCIDE, 7/11 1995.

EDITORIAL by Srebrenica Genocide Blog
(Feel free to republish with references)

Short Intro: The Srebrenica massacre is the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II. It is the first and only legally established case of genocide to be recognized by the International Crimes Tribunal (ICTY), as well as, the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Over 8,000 victims perished during the genocide under the watch of the United Nations’ peacekeepers…

The small town of Srebrenica is located in the mountainous valley in north-eastern Bosnia, about 15 kilometres from the Serbian border. On April 16, 1993 or approximately one year after Bosnia-Herzegovina was recognized by the European Community and the United States, the United Nations Security Council passed resolution 819 declaring Srebrenica “safe haven” under the UN protection.

As a result of the Bosnian Serb attacks on predominantly Bosniak-inhabited Podrinje region several tens of thousands of Bosniak refugees flooded into “protected area”. Thus far, Srebrenica became an enclave under siege.

Diego Arria who initiated the visit of the UN Security Council delegation to Srebrenica in April 1993, and was at its head, described the situation in the enclave as “genocide in slow motion”. During the siege, the situation in Srebrenica could be described as nothing less but hell. He took the first photographs of the destruction of Srebrenica and its starving inhabitants at the time and refused to hand over his camera to UN members. In two separate ICTY trials (Milosevic, Oric), Arria gave eyewitness testimony at the International Crimes Tribunal (ICTY) about the shocking images of poverty, destruction, starvation and squalor in Srebrenica enclave that were hidden from the public. He described the besieged enclave itself as “a concentration camp policed by UNPROFOR.” (Sense Tribunal)

Back in 1993, with the encouragement and guarantees of the United Nations, the Government of Bosnia-Herzegovina entered into demilitarization agreements with the Bosnian Serb armed forces. The Bosnian Serb side was responsible for disarming and withdrawing heavy weapons around Srebrenica and ceasing attacks on the enclave from surrounding Serb villages. The units of the Army of Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina (ARB&H) in the enclave were also responsible to disarm and hand down their weapons. According to the UNPROFOR press release dated April 21, 1993, the ARB&H did demilitarize enough for UNPROFOR to conclude that “the process had been a success.” On the other hand, the Bosnian Serb side refused to honor their part of the demilitarization agreement and never demilitarized around Srebrenica. As a result, specific instructions from United Nations Headquarters in New York stated that “UNPROFOR should not be too zealous in searching for Bosniak weapons” and, later, that “the Serbs should withdraw their heavy weapons before the Bosniaks gave up their weapons.” The Bosnian Serb foces never did withdraw their heavy weapons. (General Assembly resolution 53/35)

At the ICTY proceedings Arria accused the United Nations of not doing anything to protect the Muslims in the enclave. The UN “did not move its little finger” to protect the Muslims in the enclave and “did not make it possible for them to defend themselves” – testified former head of the UN Security Council delegation to Srebrenica. According to Arria, the international community had been hopping that the Serb forces under the command of General Ratko Mladic would overrun the Srebrenica enclave quickly, thereby quickly “solving the problem” of people who refused to be killed or ethnically cleansed from their land. As Arria concluded, there was a “gradual genocide” in Srebrenica far before 7/11 1995 mass scale killing rampage started.

Bosnian Serb forces, who held the enclave under brutal siege, were not allowing international humanitarian aid – most importantly, food and medicine – to reach Srebrenica. As early as the summer of 1992, there was a humanitarian disaster in the making, as concluded by the UN Court (ICTY):

“Bosnian Serb forces controlling the access roads were not allowing international humanitarian aid – most importantly, food and medicine – to reach Srebrenica. As a consequence, there was a constant and serious shortage of food causing starvation to peak in the winter of 1992/1993. Numerous people died or were in an extremely emaciated state due tomal nutrition. Bosnian Muslim fighters and their families, however, were provided with food rations from existing storage facilities. The most disadvantaged group among the Bosnian Muslims were the refugees, who usually lived on the streets and without shelter, in freezing temperatures. Only in November and December 1992, did two UN convoys with humanitarian aid reach the enclave, and this despite Bosnian Serb obstruction. Toward the end of February 1993, US planes began air dropping food and supplies over the Srebrenica enclave. ‘Operation Provide Promise’ gave some relief to the starving population…. Hygienic conditions throughout the Srebrenica enclave were appalling. There was a total absence of running water. Most people were left to drink water from a small river which was polluted. Infestation with lice and fleas became widespread among the population…. Patients suffered in dreadful conditions, as no disinfectants, bandages, aspirins or antibiotics were available with which to treat them. Limbs were amputated without anaesthesia, with brandy being administered to ease the pain.” (Naser Oric Judgment)

Srebrenica town and the villages in the area held by Bosniaks remained constantly subjected to Serb military assaults from surrounding Serb villages, including artillery attacks, sniper fire, as well as occasional bombing from aircrafts. Threatened by starvation, population of Srebrenica participated in searches for food in nearby Serb held villages. As the UN Court described conditions of these searches:

“These searches were very dangerous; many stepped on mines or were wounded or killed by Serbs. Because of the bags in which the searchers carried the food, they were known as ‘torbari’. These torbari also entered Serb villages, alongside Bosnian Muslim fighters during actions, in order to search for food and other items. Most of the time, the torbari greatly outnumbered the fighters themselves.” (Oric Judgment)

The living conditions in Srebrenica were about to became even more deplorable. In March 1995, the Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, in reaction to the pressure of the international community to end the war and create a peace agreement, issued a directive to the Bosnian Serb armed forces (known as the Army of Republika Srpska). “Directive 7” specified that the Army of Republika Srpska was to:

“… Complete the physical separation of Srebrenica from Zepa as soon as possible, preventing even communication between individuals in the two enclaves. By planned and well-thought out combat operations, create an unbearable situation of total insecurity with no hope of further survival or life for the inhabitants of Srebrenica…. The relevant State and military organs responsible for the work of UNPROFOR and humanitarian organisations shall, through planned and unobtrusively restrictive issuing of permits, reduce and limit the logistics support of UNPROFOR to the enclaves and the supply of material resources to the Muslim population, making them dependent on our good will while at the same time avoiding the condemnation of the international community and international public opinion.” (Radislav Krstic Judgment)

Soon after, the Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic issued and signed “Directive 7.1” which sought to implement Karadzic’s “Directive 7” and directed the Drina Corps to conduct “active combat operations… around the enclaves [of Zepa and Srebrenica]”.

At the meeting of the representatives of Srebrenica enclave, members of the international community, and Serb Gen Ratko Mladic at Hotel Fontana in 1995, Mladic made it clear that the survival of the civilian population in the area was conditional upon the capitulation of the Bosnian Government forces in charge of defending the enclave. To secure the capture of the city and surrender of the ARBiH forces General Mladic threatened severe repercussions for the civilian population of Srebrenica. “You can either survive or disappear.”

As the International Crimes Tribunal (ICTY) concluded in the judgment against Vidoje Blagojevic:

“The Bosnian Muslim men were stripped of their personal belongings and identification, detained, and finally taken to execution sites, where the Bosnian Serb forces deliberately and systematically killed them, solely on the basis of their ethnicity. Immediately before and during these massacres, the remainder of the Bosnian Muslim population of Srebrenica was forcibly transferred to Bosnian Muslim-held territory. The forcible transfer of the women, children and elderly is a manifestation of the specific intent to rid the Srebrenica enclave of its Bosnian Muslim population. The manner in which the transfer was carried out – through force and coercion, by not registering those who were transferred, by burning the houses of some of the people, sending the clear message that they had nothing to return to, and significantly, through its targeting of literally the entire Bosnian Muslim population of Srebrenica, including the elderly and children – clearly indicates that it was a means to eradicate the Bosnian Muslim population from the territory where they had lived.”

Deplorable living conditions in the last months awaiting genocide continued following Karadzic and Mladic’s directives. According to the ongoing ICTY indictment against seven senior Bosnian Serb military and police officers:

“Continuing in March 1995 through July 1995 the VRS [Bosnian Serb Army] deliberately restricted humanitarian aid and relief supplies to the Muslim inhabitants of Srebrenica and Zepa as part of the organized effort to make life impossible for the Muslims and remove them. The forcible transfer of the women and children as described in this indictment created conditions known to the accused that would contribute to the destruction of the entire Muslim population of Eastern Bosnia, including but not limited to the failure in part, of the population to live and reproduce normally. The participation of the accused in the Joint Criminal Enterprise to murder the able-bodied Muslim men of Srebrenica and the specific acts and responsibilities described in this Indictment satisfy the elements required for a finding that, pursuant to Article 7(1) of the Statute of the Tribunal, Zdravko Tolimir, Vinko Pandurevic, Ljubisa Beara, Vujadin Popovic, Drago Nikolic, Milorad Trbic and Ljubomir Borovcanin ‘committed,’ ‘planned,’ ‘instigated,’ ‘ordered,’ and otherwise ‘aided and abetted’ genocide, crimes against humanity (including murder, persecutions, forcible transfer, and inhumane acts), and murder as a violation of the laws or customs of war.” (Popovic et. al Indictment)

Serb General Radislav Krstic, who was in charge of forcible ethnic cleansing in front of the United Nations’ compound, recognised a “coming holocaust”:

“In the words of his counsel, ‘There was unchallenged evidence that General Krstic had organised the transfer of women, children and the elderly from the Srebrenica area so that they would not be affected by the coming holocaust.’ Thus, according to his counsel, the appellant recognised that a ‘coming holocaust’ awaited those who had not been transferred. The transfer and the holocaust combined to constitute one single act of genocide.” (Krstic Judgment)

Serb soldiers systematically separated out underage boys and men from women and sumarilly executed them. Those who tried to escape were hunted down and killed. Over 8,000 Bosniak men and boys perished during genocide. Their names (and other identifiable information) can be found in a list of killed and missing containing information about 8,373 victims.

With respect to the genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina, it is important to note that on 26 September 1997 Germany handed down first Bosnian Genocide conviction. Nikola Jorgic was found guilty by the Düsseldorf, Germany, Oberlandesgericht (Higher Regional Court) on 11 counts of genocide involving the murder of 30 persons. His appeal was rejected by the German Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Supreme Court) on 30 April 1999. He was sentenced to four terms of life imprisonment for his involvement in the Bosnian Genocide.

The Srebrenica massacre is the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II. It is the first and only legally established case of genocide to be recognized by the International Crimes Tribunal (ICTY), as well as, the International Court of Justice (ICJ). This, of course, does not mean that the Holocaust was not a genocide, because the Nuremberg trials took place before genocide had a legal meaning.

The United Nations’ ICTY ruled Srebrenica massacre was a Genocide in the judgments “Prosecutor vs. Krstic” and “Prosecutor vs. Vidojevic”. The International Court of Justice has subsequently confirmed the ICTY’s finding that the Srebrenica massacre was an act of genocide in a case of “Bosnia vs. Serbia”.

To demonstrate horrors of Srebrenica genocide, here are some excerpts from the ICTY’s 260 page-rulling in the case of Prosecutor vs. Krstic which resulted in first Srebrenica genocide conviction:

43. Killings occurred. In the late morning of 12 July 1995, a witness saw a pile of 20 to 30 bodies heaped up behind the Transport Building in Potocari, alongside a tractor-like machine. Another testified that, at around 1200 hours on 12 July, he saw a soldier slay a child with a knife in the middle of a crowd of expellees. He also said that he saw Serb soldiers execute more than a hundred Bosnian Muslim men in the area behind the Zinc Factory and then load their bodies onto a truck, although the number and methodical nature of the murders attested to by this witness stand in contrast to other evidence on the Trial Record that indicates that the killings in Potocari were sporadic in nature.

44. As evening fell, the terror deepened. Screams, gunshots and other frightening noises were audible throughout the night and no one could sleep. Soldiers were picking people out of thecrowd and taking them away: some returned; others did not. Witness T recounted how three brothers – one merely a child and the others in their teens – were taken out in the night. When the boys’ mother went looking for them, she found them with their throats slit.

45. That night, a Dutch Bat medical orderly came across two Serb soldiers raping a young woman:

“[W]e saw two Serb soldiers, one of them was standing guard and the other one was lying on the girl, with his pants off. And we saw a girl lying on the ground, on some kind of mattress. There was blood on the mattress, even she was covered with blood. She had bruises on her legs. There was even blood coming down her legs. She was in total shock. She went totally crazy.”

46. Bosnian Muslim refugees nearby could see the rape, but could do nothing about it becauseof Serb soldiers standing nearby. Other people heard women screaming, or saw women being dragged away. Several individuals were so terrified that they committed suicide by hanging themselves. Throughout the night and early the next morning, stories about the rapes and killings spread through the crowd and the terror in the camp escalated.

150. On 12 and 13 July 1995, upon the arrival of Serb forces in Potocari, the Bosnian Muslim refugees taking shelter in and around the compound were subjected to a terror campaign comprised of threats, insults, looting and burning of nearby houses, beatings, rapes, and murders.

517. More significantly, rapes and killings were reported by credible witnesses and some committed suicide out of terror. The entire situation in Potocari has been depicted as a campaign of terror. As an ultimate suffering, some women about to board the buses had their young sons dragged away from them, never to be seen again.

According to the Secretary-General’s Report, A/54/549 conclusions: “The same day [17 July 1995], one of the Dutchbat soldiers, during his brief stay in Zagreb upon return from Serb-held territory, was quoted as telling a member of the press that “hunting season [is] in full swing… it is not only men supposedly belonging to the Bosnian Government who are targeted… women, including pregnant ones, children and old people aren’t spared. Some are shot and wounded, others have had their ears cut off and some women have been raped.”

In some cases, even babies were taken away from their mothers. When Sabaheta Fejzic and her husband ran with their baby to a Dutch military base, the Serbs took her husband, and literally tore her son from her arms. She never saw either of them again. (Der Spiegel, Toast to the Dead)


References:
1. Setting the Stage for Genocide – by Sense Tribunal
2. The Biggest Cover-up in History – by Sense Tribunal
3. Prosecutor vs. Krstic Judgment – ICTY’s Judgment (.pdf)
4. Prosecutor vs. Krstic Appeals Judgment -ICTY’s Judgment (.pdf)
5. Prosecutor vs. Blagojevic Judgment – ICTY’s Judgment (.pdf)
6. Prosecutor vs. Oric Judgment – ICTY’s Judgment (.pdf)
7. CIA World Factbook – Bosnia-Herzegovina
8. Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to General Assembly resolution 53/35 – The Fall of Srebrenica (.pdf)
9. Second Consolidated Amended Indictment against Popovic et al. (Zdravko Tolimir, Vinko Pandurevic, Ljubisa Beara, Vujadin Popovic, Drago Nikolic, Milorad Trbic, Ljubomir Borovcanin)
10. List of Killed and Missing – Contains first and last names of 8373 victims, their fathers names, dates of birth, and personally identifiable Yugoslav state numbers JMBG
11. Srebrenica Massacre Widows Sue UN, Dutch Government: Toast to the Dead – Copy of Der Spiegel article, originally published July 4th 2006. Translated from German by Toby Axelrod.

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