December 6, 2007


Content updated December 13, 2007
1. Serbia’s Photo Propaganda
Serbian NAZI past (fascism)
3. Conclusion

PHOTO: Serbian nationalist newspaper misused the above photo of Bosniak Muslim victims by portraying it as a mass grave of Serbs. What you see is a a mass grave of Srebrenica genocide victims (Bosniak Muslims) in a village of SNAGOVO during their exhumation in July 2007 as confirmed by the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) and FONET (Serbian agency selling Associated Press photos). The above photo features ICMP forensic expert Sharna Daley of London UK. This kind of propaganda can be only produced by the sickest minds in order to misinform the public; and this is what they have been doing for the last 15 years with their bold faced lies and propaganda. It’s time for a counter punch. Read more…

1. Serbia’s Photo Propaganda

Serbian nationalist newspaper “Glas Javnosti”- known by its extreme radical rhetoric and publishings of Srebrenica genocide denial material – went one step further in its fascist propaganda by misusing photos of Bosniak Srebrenica genocide mass graves and portraying them as mass graves of Serb victims of the so called “Muslim-Croat terror” – click here to take a look

This type of Serbian propaganda is sadly widespread, and it’s a testament of the sickness of Serbian society that will likely take a long time to heal. Unfortunately, it’s nothing new since Serbia hasn’t decontaminated itself from fascism, yet. Serbian nationalists regularly celebrate war criminals as heroes, while Srebrenica Genocide is increasingly being awarded status of a big proud ‘military victory’ over the “Turks” (derogatory name for Bosniaks Muslims).

Here is a photo of a Srebrenica Genocide mass grave excavation in the village of SNAGOVO in July 2007. The ICMP (International Commission for Missing Persons) confirmed to us that the photo features forensic expert Sharna Daley of London U.K. She is a member of a team from the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) inspecting human remains at a Srebrenica genocide mass-grave site in a village of SNAGOVO. She has also been featured in numerous photos on our site, latest one being during Srebrenica genocide mass grave excavation in the village of KAMENICA. Another Serbian source “FONET” (which allows consumers to purchase Associated Press photos) also confirms that the photo refers to the exhumation of a mass grave in SNAGOVO, as previously confirmed to us by the ICMP.

2. Serbian Nazi Roots

The levels of propaganda and hatred against Bosniaks and Croats – stemming from Serbia’s fascist past – have remained relatively constant.

During the 2nd World War, the first experiments in mass executions of camp inmates by poison gas were carried out in Serbia. Serbia was the first country to proudly declare itself “Judenfrei” (“cleansed” of Jews).

In August 1942, Dr. Harald Turner (the chief of the German civil administration in Serbia) announced that Serbia was the only country in which the “Jewish question” was solved and that Belgrade was the “first city of a New Europe to be Judenfrei.” Turner himself attributed this success to Serbian help.

The fight against the Jewish influence had actually started six months before the German invasion when the government of Serbia issued legislation restricting Jewish participation in the economy and university enrolment.

In contemporary Serbian history, the Serbian chetniks of Draza Mihailovic were represented as fighters against the occupier, while in fact they were the allies of the Nazi fascists in Yugoslavia.

It is unequivocally clear that the Chetniks collaborated with the occupiers, both in the military and political sphere, as well as in the domain of economic activity, intelligence and propaganda… (source: the Serbian scholars, Dr. Jovan Marjanovic & Mihail Stanisic, The collaboration of Draza Mihailovic’s Chetniks with the enemy forces of occupation, 1976.)

In conjunction with the war in former Yugoslavia, Serbia has undertaken a campaign to persuade the Jewish community of Serbian friendship for Jews (the Serbian Jewish Friendship Society). This same campaign portrays Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) and Croats as a common threat to both Jews and Serbs, in an attempt to gain Jewish sympathy and support at a time when most nations have isolated Serbia as a Balkan pariah.

However, even as Serbia courts Jewish public opinion, their propagandists conceal a history of well-ingrained antisemitism, which continues unabated in 1992. To make their case, Serbs portray themselves as victims in the Second World War, but conceal the systematic genocide that Serbs had committed against several peoples including the Jews. Thus Serbs have usurped as propaganda the Holocaust that occurred in neighbouring Croatia and Bosnia, but do not give an honest accounting of the Holocaust as it occurred in Serbia.

During four centuries of Ottoman rule in the Balkans, the Jewish communities of Serbia enjoyed religious tolerance, internal autonomy, and equality before the law, that ended with the breakup of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of the Serbian state. Soon after a Serbian insurrection against Turkish rule in 1804, Jews were expelled from the interior of Serbia and prohibited from residing outside of Belgrade. In 1856 and 1861, Jews were further prohibited from travel for the purpose of trade. In official correspondence from the late 19th century, British diplomats detailed the cruel treatment of the Jews of Serbia, which they attributed to religious fanaticism, commercial rivalries, and the belief that Jews were the secret agents of the Turks. Article 23 of the Serbian constitution granted equality to every citizen but Article 132 forbade Jews the right of domicile. The Treaty of Berlin 1878, which formally established the Serbian state, accorded political and civil equality to the Jews of Serbia, but the Serbian Parliament resisted abolishing restrictive decrees for another 11 years. Although the legal status of the Jewish community subsequently improved, the view of Jews as an alien presence persisted.

The Serbian government under General Milan Nedic worked closely with local Nazi officials in making Belgrade the first “Judenfrei” city of Europe. As late as 19 September 1943, Nedic made an official visit to Adolf Hitler (see picture bellow), Serbs in Berlin advanced the idea that the Serbs were the “Ubermenchen” (master race) of the Slavs.

PHOTO: Serbia’s Chetnik Milan Nedic and Adolf Hitler.

The Serbian Orthodox Church openly collaborated with the Nazis, and many priests publicly defended the persecution of the Jews. On 13 August 1941, approximately 500 distinguished Serbs signed “An Appeal to the Serbian Nation”, which called for loyalty to the occupying Nazis. The first three signers were bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church. On 30 January 1942, Metropolitan Josif, the acting head of the Holy Synod of the Serbian Orthodox Church, officially prohibited conversions of Jews to Serbian Orthodoxy, thereby blocking a means of saving Jewish lives. At a public rally, after the government Minister Olcan “thanked God that the enormously powerful fist of Germany had not come down upon the head of the Serbian nation” but instead “upon the heads of the Jews in our midst”, the speaker of these words was then blessed by a high-ranking Serbian Orthodox priest.

A most striking example of Serbian antisemitism combined with historical revisionism is the case of Bishop Nikolaj Velimirovic (1880-1956), revered as one of the most influential church leaders and ideologists after Saint Sava, founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church. To Serbs, Bishop Velimirovic was a martyr who survived torture in the Dachau prison camp. In truth he was brought to Dachau (as were other prominent European clergy), because the Nazis believed he could be useful for propaganda. There he spent approximately two months as an “Ehrenhaftling” (honour prisoner) in a special section, dining on the same food as the German officers, living in private quarters, and making excursions into town under German escort. From Dachau, this venerated Serbian priest endorsed the Holocaust:

QUOTE: Europe is presently the main battlefield of the Jew and his father, the devil, against the heavenly Father and his only begotten Son… (Jews) first need to become legally equal with Christians in order to repress Christianity next, turn Christians into atheist, and step on their necks. All the modern European slogans have been made up by Jews, the crucifiers of Christ: democracy, strikes, socialism atheism, tolerance of all religions, pacifism, universal revolution, capitalism and communism… All this has been done with the intention to eliminate Christ… You should think about this, my Serbian brethren, and correspondingly correct your thoughts, desires and acts. (Bishop Nikolaj Velimirovic: Addresses to the Serbian People–Through the Prison Window. Himmelsthur, Germany: Serbian Orthodox Eparchy for Western Europe, 1985, pp. 161-162). QUOTE END

To learn more about Serbian involvement in the Holocaust, read:
Serbian portrayal of Holocaust decency is historical revisionism
Serbian anti-masonic (anti-Jewish) exhibition in Belgrade of 1941-42

3. Conclusion:

If Serbia wants to be part of civilized world, then it needs to decontaminate itself from fascistic hatred and stop spreading bold faced lies and propaganda about their perceived victimhood. A nation that lives of mythological history, propagation of lies, constant creation of feelings of victimhood, and Srebrenica genocide denial is not ready to be partner for peace in the region.

  1. Owen
    December 6, 2007 at 10:54 pm

    I heard I heard Igor Radojičić on Radio 4 yesterday, the speaker of the Republika Srpska parliament. He appeared to be confirming RS’s acceptance of a future within Bosnia as part of the road opened up by the Stabilisation and Association Agreement.

    He was a little cautious about his words but he seemed to be accepting the need for Mladic and Karadzic to go to the Hague as part of the price for getting under the EU umbrella, and apparently renouncing the independence option even if Kosova goes ahead and declares independence.

    If RS now accepts that its future is within Bosnia and Karadzic and Mladic are not worth jeopardising that future for, the carpet is soon going to be pulled out from underneath these propagandists.

    Dan, we know how they have persistently sought to distort reality and it’s important to ensure their lies are challenged, but the truth of the matter is that their lies are no longer of any real interest to the rest of the world.

    The rest of the world heard what the International Court of Justice had to say about Srebrenica, it remembers the news pictures of Mladic at Potocari and it knows that Serbia has fought tooth and nail not to give him up.

    So the world couldn’t care less what today’s Serbian fascists have to say, it walks past, leaving them to wallow in their self-serving mendacity. One day Serbia will stop blaming the rest of the world and realise understand what damage these people have done to their country.

  2. Hasan Nuhanovic
    December 7, 2007 at 4:53 pm

    Thank you for fighting against the Serbian propaganda and lies. Unfortunately, there will always be people in the world who will believe in the Serbian propaganda for one reason or another. We have to keep on fighting against it and against Genocide deniers, not only the Srebrenica Genocide but against deniers of any Genocide.

    In March 1996, several months after the war ended in Bosnia, I managed to travel back to Srebrenica (with an escort of four foreigners who worked with the UN) and the same day I went to Vlasenica, a neighboring town where my mother was killed in July 1995 by the local Serbs in a Serb police prison, in the aftermath of the fall of the Srebrenica UN Safe Area.

    I lived in Vlasenica, with my parents and my brother from 1976 till 1992. It is a little town, just like Srebrenica, several thousand people, so I knew most of my former Serb neighbors.
    That day I had only one thing on my mind – to meet my pre-war Serb neighbors and ask them to tell me anything they knew about my mother, or my brother and father. I had the information that my mother was killed there in July 1995 but I did not know how it happened, who did it, under what circumstances, was it quick or she suffered before she died.

    I met several of my pre-war Serb neighbors and some of them were Serb women who were about the same age of my mother. My mother was 48 when she was killed.

    I tried to have a conversation with them and since they could not just run away from me they were reluctantly answering some of my questions – mostly saying that they did not know anything at all about the killings in Vlasenica. It is a little town and when someone is killed, even when it is “only another” Bosniak women, everyone would learn about it by the next morning.

    So, as the conversation ended almost all of those women would say at the end: “So, Hasan, how are your parents. Are they in Tuzla? Say hello to your mother.

    They said to me – say hello to your mother, although they knew that my mother was killed in their town in a horrible way, inside a police prison, several months before. Her dead body was damped somewhere near the town in an unmarked grave.

    I answered: Yes, I will say hello to my mother.

  3. Marko Attila Hoare
    December 7, 2007 at 11:54 pm

    Daniel, you have done an excellent job in exposing this instance of falsification and denial by the Serbian media. As ever, the Srebrenica Genocide Blog is doing splendid work in destroying the deniers’ myths, thanks to your superior research and expertise.

    I will, however, express a disagreement with your interpretation about the Serbian past. It is always necessary to remind Serbs and people in general about the Nazi-collaborationist and Jew-murdering record of the Chetniks and Nedicites, in order to counter Serbian nationalist propaganda, which has spread the myth that it was only Croats and Muslims/Bosniaks who collaborated with the Nazis.

    However, this does not mean we should behave like them, and present the Serbs as somehow inherently prone to evil, the way Serb nationalists portray the Croats and Bosniaks as inherently evil.

    The Serbs behaved no better or worse than other former-Yugoslav peoples during World War II. Thus, the Croats had the Ustashas, the Muslims had the Handzar division and the Muslim Ustashas (from the former Muslim Branch of the HSS) and the Serbs had the Chetniks, Nedicites and Ljoticites.

    The reason that Serbia today is still governed by an extreme-nationalist, genocide-denying ruling elite, is that Serbia hasn’t made the transition to post-imperialist politics. Thus, Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania have all abandoned imperialism, but Serbia has not (neither has Turkey, which still denies the Armenian Genocide).

    To heal itself from the curse of extreme nationalism and fascism, Serbia needs to become a normal, peaceful country, like Bulgaria. This means Serbia must be kept out of Bosnia and Kosovo, and integrated into the EU.

    Then, perhaps, Serbia will be able to acknowledge Srebrenica and other historic crimes.

  4. Srebrenica Massacre Editor
    December 8, 2007 at 6:05 pm

    OWEN, they have continued with distortion of reality, because they been faced with irrefutable facts of genocide: Gen Radislav Krstic and his subordinate Col Vidoje Blagojevic were both convicted for complicity in Srebrenica genocide; later, Blagojevic’s sentence was squashed on appeal, but even in his case – the International Criminal Tribunal still acknowledged that events in Srebrenica constituted genocide. Krstic appeal also reaffirmed that events in Srebrenica constituted genocide. Radislav Krstic conviction for Srebrenica genocide was the
    first genocide conviction in Europe since the UN genocide treaty was drawn up in 1951. And then we had another court, the International Court of Justice (aka: World Court) in a case of Bosnia vs. Serbia acknowledging massacres in Srebrenica to have
    constituted genocide and reaffirming one more time that the Srebrenica massacre was
    an act of Genocide committed by the Bosnian Serb troops. Serbia violated its international obligations by not handing over individuals accused of the crime. Therefore, for the first time in the history of the world, one state (Serbia) has been found legally responsible for violating Convention on the Prevention and
    Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

    HASAN, your comment has brought tears to my eyes. I hope one day when I visit Sarajevo to be able to meet you and shake hands with you. I am very sorry for what
    happened to your mom. I am very sorry Hasan. They had no right to do what they did. I am proud of your activism toward acknowledging tragey at Srebrenica and I will
    support your work for the rest of my life.

    MARKO, I admit my tone was harsh in the above article and I understand what you are saying, but one cannot expect me to be cold and cautious in my words when something as disgusting as photo forgery is committed by the extremist Serbian nationalists. I
    have a special bond with Srebrenica people and their tragedy; personally, it angers
    me to see extremist thugs making circus out of Srebrenica tragey. These vocal extremist elements of Serbian society are launching assault on truth and memory with
    regards to Srebrenica genocide. I cannot stand silent. My voice is all I have. They have no right to steal photos of Srebrenica genocide mass graves and distort the truth by portraying these photos of Srebrenica genocide victims as mass graves of
    Serbs. Enough is enough. Serbia must confront its own past, but I don’t see that happening in the near future, because they have modified their historical books with enough distortions that it’s going to be hard – almost impossible – for them to
    accept reality. We can only hope for the best. I will always stay friends with the Serbs who acknowledge Srebrenica genocide, but I will always remain enemy to those who humiliate victims of Srebrenica genocide. In my upcoming articles, I will
    refrain myself from emotionally charged writings, but I believe this article is more than appropriate considering widespread discharges of hatred and distortions in Serbian media.

    People who abuse images of Srebrenica genocide are very same group of people that justify Srebrenica genocide as a “legitimate military operation”, but the Appeals Chamber (Prosecutor vs. Vidoje Blagojevic and Dragan Jokic) concluded:

    “Blagojevic attempts to justify the attack as a legitimate military operation against the 28th Division of the ABiH and to characterize the resulting civilian
    transfer as voluntary. He does not, however, address the majority of the evidence relied on by the Trial Chamber in determining that the attack against the civilian
    population of Srebrenica was discriminatory in nature, beyond disagreeing with the conclusions reached from it, nor does he support his arguments with any relevant reference to the trial record. In particular, in reaching its conclusions on the discriminatory nature of the attack, the Trial Chamber pointed to General Mladic’s statement that it was time to take revenge on the ‘Turks’. It further noted the
    insulting comments made by VRS soldiers to the refugees, referring to their departure from ‘Serb country’ and ‘greater-Serbia’ as well as forcing them to read pro-Serb texts. Moreover, the Trial Chamber concluded that Blagojevic would have had
    knowledge of the discriminatory purpose of the attack and the perpetrators’ discriminatory intent given his general knowledge of the attack and his familiarity
    with the purpose of the ‘Krivaja 95’ operation, which changed from reducing the enclave to the urban area to taking it over as a whole, as well as his knowledge of the impact on the civilian population, including the humanitarian crisis in Potocari, the bussing of civilians, and the mistreatment of Bosnian Muslim detainees in Bratunac town.”

    Thank you all…

  5. Viktor Markovic
    December 8, 2007 at 8:52 pm

    “one cannot expect me to be cold and cautious in my words when something as disgusting as photo forgery is committed by the extremist Serbian nationalists”

    Daniel, I would have to disagree with you on this one. Being cautious is exactly what you need to be if you expect this blog to have the level of authority you want it to have – this goes for any blog. Being cautious doesn’t mean that you must hide your feelings, but it means you must avoid generalization. Generalization is probably most common mistake I see on many blogs, and maybe the most dangerous one.

  6. Oleg
    December 8, 2007 at 11:59 pm

    It is not Draza Mihajlovic in this photo with Hitler. As far as I know it is Milan Nedic.

  7. Owen
    December 9, 2007 at 11:09 am

    Daniel, you know that Viktor has shown himself to be a voice of reason, and what he says always deserves to be listened to.

    Hasan’s experience shows denial at its most banal and painful. Hasan, as I hope you know I admire all that you have done to force the world to acknowledge the truth of what was done. I can have no way of grasping the magnitude of what you have to live with every day so please excuse me if at any time I say anything as an outsider that you might find hard to accept.

    But exposing the reality of what happened has still not succeeded in cracking open the shell. It is the fracture line created by the voices of truth within the shell on which we have to pin hopes for the future.

  8. Alan Jakšić
    December 14, 2007 at 3:16 am

    Daniel, pozdravljam te.

    I am the writer of the Balkan Anarchist blog and a Croatian Serb by origin.

    I have visited your blog a number of times throughout this whole year, believe me Daniel. And I wish to say that I am impressed, and yet of course moved as well, by the factual details you have been actively providing your readers on your blog. And may I tell you that I also believe that Srebrenica genocide denial must come to an end, the sooner the better if possible.

    You have put in so much effort (uložio si tolika truda) to show to the world – or rather remind the world of one of the greatest crimes committed in the last century in opposition to the denial of it. For that, I can only take my hat off to you.

    However, I cannot help but feel deeply annoyed, and upset even, when you speak so callously of the victimhood of my people. That I can never allow, Daniel. You have NO right to undermine, let alone question, the victimhood of my people, the Serbian people, during say WW2 or even the Ottoman period. What my people went through then was as real to them then as was real what happened to your people, the Bosnian Muslim or Bosniak people, during the 1992-95 war. NO less real, just that it happened long before this past war, not to mention how a lot has changed since both those periods.

    You fight against denial of Srebrenica and in particular the genocidal nature thereof, for which I can only commend you greatly Daniel. However, I feel compelled to protest against some of your writing, as I’ve found some of it to be just plain insulting. And may I reassure you that I really think you do an amazing job, albeit heart-rendering considering the sensitive issue your blog deals with. Really.

    (I must tell you that I have also seen some of your comments on other blogs. Perhaps we can discuss them at another time.)

    In this very article, you raise the issue of a Serbian newspaper misusing a picture of a mass grave filled with the remains of Bosniak individuals by claiming that it contains the remains of Serbian individuals instead. And you have every right under the sun to expose sush blatant misuse of such sensitive material. But why on earth should Nedić, his anti-semitic antics and Serbia’s own history of Anti-semitism find themselves in the same article? They are separate issues from two different periods of history. And no Daniel, they are NOT directly linked. Besides, the whole issue of Anti-Semitism in Serbia would deserve a whole article devoted to discussing it, of which there are a number on the net.

    But what bothers me more than that is how you speak of our “perceived victimhood”. Once again Daniel, we Serbs WERE victims! Yes, Serbs were victims, and some of them ARE victims still through NO fault of their own! There’s NOTHING unreal about that, and we don’t have to constantly create such feelings of victimhood either.

    My dear people, the Serbs of Croatia, Bosnia and Srem who were unfortunate enough to find themselves under the puppet fascist “Independent State of Croatia”, were the victims of GENOCIDE – YES DANIEL, GENOCIDE, AND A BRUTAL ONE AT THAT!!!! No one knows for sure how many of them were killed exactly, though research during the eighties has helped establish more precise figures.

    Oh, and if my people want to be friendly with Jews, why ever not? They both found themselves in Jasenovac, did they not, along with Roma and others, including Croats? At least they have that in common.

    And once again, you have NO right – NO RIGHT – to rubbish our victimhood with the criminality of some of our fellow ethnics. THAT IS JUST PLAIN DISGUSTING AND TOTALLY UNJUSTIFIABLE!!!

    And yes Daniel, believe me that I am more than certain that some fools among my people have done just that to your people Daniel, and I understand completely that you are angry at them because of it. Since that is the case, I wish to assure you that I utterly condemn such people for “humiliating victims of Srebrenica genocide” as you put it in your above comment; I condemn them and sympathize with you fully.

    Another thing Daniel, what is this: “Serbs have usurped as propaganda the Holocaust that occurred in neighbouring Croatia and Bosnia”??? What have we, or I, to usurp? My grandmother, who is still alive (she is 87), knows full well what happened to her family and her neighbours in her native village in the mountainous region of Lika. She never usurped somebody else’s holocaust, she lived through one. And neither do I. In fact, I’m here because she, along with my father’s family, survived that genocide. Perhaps I will tell you about what she and her fellow villagers went through one day.

    (Actually, I’ve noticed that you merely transcribed that sentence along with the surrounding paragraphs from the Famous Bosniaks article your article hyperlinks to. Perhaps you should mention that the material in that section of your article dealing with Anti-semitism in Serbia’s modern history was transcribed from there.)

    Daniel, like I’ve said above, you do a great job, and have proven more than enough times of your dedication to keeping people informed about Srebrenica, that we need not question it. My criticism concerns how your writing will be accepted – or even rejected – by Serbian readers.

    For instance, look, you write a professional article regarding Srebrenica. I read it, learn more details about the issue, and think what a good article. But then somewhere on another blog, or on your own blog, I find a reckless or annoying comment written by you that detracts from the positive opinion I have for your work. Do you see?

    And now, I read this about Anti-Semitism from the Nedić, from the Serbian Orthodox Church and WW2 in Serbia (!), and dare I not wonder whether you might be using your blog to engage in some UNNECESSARY Serb-bashing? Seriously, Daniel.

    I hope and would like you to take my criticism constructively, with the aim to make more Serbs aware of this tremendous crime committed against your people. Indeed, what happened in Srebrenica is not a matter of opinion, and that’s where I agree with you 100%. And should I discuss Srebrenica with other Serbs, who might not be so sure as to what happened, I will tell them precisely that.

    Do visit the B92 blogs, and perhaps contribute to the comments section of the posts when it relates to the war in Bosnia and/or Srebrenica. You’ll find many people there who will be more than pleased to see someone like you participate.

    Please note that I have mentioned Srebrenica at least once in my blog here, and have mentioned that it was recognised as Genocide.

    Please visit my website when you can and leave a comment wherever you wish.

    Sve najbolje ti želim!

    PS: I think Owen, Marko Attila Hoare, Hasan Nuhanović (did you even know that he reads your blog?!) and Viktor Marković have all written relevant and, dare I say, inspiring comments above!

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