Short Background: In 1992, Bosnian Serb terrorists with the logistical support from Serbia attacked predominantly Bosniak Muslim region of Eastern Bosnia, killing civilians and ethnically cleansing the area of its inhabitants. Thousands of Bosniak civilians poured into Srebrenica only to find themselves besieged by the Serb Army. Serb terrorists from militarized Serb villages around Srebrenica started terrorizing Bosniak Muslim population, bombarding the enclave, and blocking humanitarian convoys. In 1995, Serb fascists with the logistical support from Serbia committed genocide at Srebrenica killing between 8,000 and 10,000 Bosniaks – men, children, and elderly; at the same time, they expelled 20,000 women from the enclave in a UN-assisted ethnic cleansing. In 2008, same fascists are trying to legalize the results of genocide by committing widespread elections fraud in Srebrenica…
Serb war criminal Vaso Todorovic – who confessed to having taken part in the 1995 Srebrenica Genocide – has been sentenced to six years in prison for crimes against humanity after striking a plea bargain deal with prosecutors to avoid Srebrenica genocide charges. The Court noted that Todorovic’s case provides direct evidence of the existence of the plan to expel the women and children and murder the Bosniak men at a time earlier than that found in ICTY judgments on the events in Srebrenica.
The Court accepted a plea agreement under which Todorović pleaded guilty to aiding and abetting the crime against humanity. The Court sentenced him to six years of imprisonment dating from 28 May 2007 when he entered custody.
Todorović was a member of the special police detachment of the Second Sekovići Police Detachment. On about 11 July 1995 he and his unit received orders to search the Bosniak villages near Potočari in the UN Protected Enclave of Srebrenica.
The order was to search for all Bosniaks and to separate the men from the women and children. The women and children were to be taken to a collection centre in Potočari from where they would be permanently expelled from their homes in the Srebrenica area. The men were to be taken to another location before being summarily executed.
On 12 July 1995 Todorović and his unit unsuccessfully searched for Bosniak civilians. That day and the next he and his unit kept open the main road to allow the unhindered passage out of the enclave of buses containing women and children.
On 13 July 1995 Todorović and his unit participated in capturing thousands of Bosniak men trying to escape from the enclave through the woods. The prisoners were taken to a meadow in Sandići where General Ratko Mladić addressed them, in the presence of Special Police deputy commander Colonel Ljubiša Borovčanin. Todorović and his unit then escorted a column of around 1,000 prisoners from the meadow to the nearby Kravica Warehouse, knowing that they would be executed there.
The prisoners were put into the warehouse. Members of Todorović´s unit then murdered them using machine gun, rifle fire and hand grenades. The Court found that at least 1,000 prisoners were murdered in about an hour and a half. Only two prisoners survived. Todorović and other members of his unit stood guard in a semi-circle at the front the warehouse to prevent prisoners from escaping. Borovčanin arrived at the warehouse about fifteen minutes into the shooting.
The Court found that Todorović himself did not directly participate in the murders but had a high degree of criminal liability because of his assistance to those who murdered the prisoners. The Court found that Todorović protested the orders and did not himself shoot the victims. Todorović was of the lowest rank in his unit.
The Court found that the plan to round up and summarily execute thousands of Bosniak male citizens and expel the women and children from Srebrenica required a high degree of organization and the participation of numerous soldiers, and police like Vaso Todorović.
The Court noted that Todorović provides direct evidence of the existence of the plan to expel the women and children and murder the Bosniak men at a time earlier than that found in ICTY judgments on the events in Srebrenica
In sentencing Todorović the Court recognized his substantial aid to the Prosecutor´s Office in providing investigatory assistance and his undertaking to testify against the direct perpetrators of the murders. His assistance is so valuable that the Court substantially reduced the sentence it would otherwise have imposed. The Court also significantly reduced the sentence because of his plea of guilty and his public acknowledgement of his own actions and those of his unit.
His plea of guilty has reduced the cost to the community of a trial and spared witnesses such as the two survivors of the massacre from having to testify again. His testimony in other cases will help the justice process in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
October 22nd, 2008
THE IDENTITY OF A “FACELESS CHILD VICTIM” REVEALED:
We would like to thank photographer James Mason (web site) for raisingthe awareness of the suffering of civilians in the Balkans during 1990’s, as well as allowing us to use his copyrighted photos of a blinded child from Srebrenica here on Srebrenica Genocide Blog. James is a wonderful human being and we thank him dearly for documenting this horrible tragedy. We hope his photos will serve as a reminder that Srebrenica must never be forgotten. With the help from our readers, we were able to identify the child victim featured in James’ photos. His name is Sead Bekric. He lost his sight, but he survived a brutal massacre of children in Srebrenica.
Sead Bekric was only 12 years old when he lost his eyes. According toPeople magazine’s contemporary account, “On Sunday, April 11 , the 12-year-old Muslim boy was playing soccer in the embattled Bosnian city of Srebrenica when a Serbian artillery shell exploded on the field, killing several of his friends. As Sead ran over to help, shrapnel from a second shell tore into his face, shattering his nose and left eye socket and severely injuring his right eye. He was left blind.”
A few days later, Sead Bekric was transported from Srebrenica to Tuzla where photographer James Mason managed to take his photos and document this horrific crime. “As soldiers unloaded the injured, a CNN camera crew recorded an unnamed, bandaged and bloodied boy, accompanied by his mother and younger brother. The boy reached over to touch the smaller child’s face, begging him to be brave.”
“I am ready to live with my disability for the rest of my life. I am grateful that I am not one of those dead that were left on soccer field. I’m here to learn to adopt to the blindness. Learn a new life and deal as it is,” said Sead Bekric (as quoted in Tampa Bay News).
/ 24 A. Yes. Later on when we tried to my sister and I tried to go back
/ 25 to Voljevica to gain food, there was fighter planes flying from Serbia
/ Page 9569
/ 1 area, from Bratunac area — in Serbia from Bratunac, that direction, and
/ 2 other side of Drina going towards Bjelovac and bombing continuously that
/ 3 area. That was not a small planes that were bombing on the second day.
/ 4 That was fighter actual fighter planes.
/ 5 Q. So when did you see the fighter planes, what time of day?
/ 6 A. Mid-day probably noon or so, sometime that time, mid-day.
/ 7 Q. And is that on the same day, the second day as you’re describing
/ 8 it?
/ 9 A. The second day when I saw those biplanes and those planes bombing
/ 10 I saw them but a few days after I tried to attempt to go to Voljevica I
/ 11 saw the mixed bombed area.”
Partial list of Srebrenica Genocide child victims is located here (only covers period of July 1995).
PHOTO CAPTION #1: You’re looking at a photo of a child victim from Srebrenica. Unfortunately, you cannot see his eyes. Shrapnel from a mortar had swept away this boy’s eyes and blinded him. This tragey occured in 1993. Credits: James Mason (original source). For higher resolution, click photo to enlarge.
PHOTO CAPTION #2: The boy is being led by his family. The shrapnel badly injured his face and head and swept away his eyes. Credits: James Mason (original source). For higher resolution, click photo to enlarge.
EDITORIAL DESK NOTE: Dear readers, you may learn more about Srebrenica genocide just by reading our shortened version of fact-based Questions and Answers. Alternatively, you can browse topics of interest just by visiting our growing list of Srebrenica genocide research material here. We thank many students and journalists who contacted us and raised the awareness of Srebrenica genocide in their schools and media. If you have any questions, feel free to post comments or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Updated: October 17, 2008.
PHOTO: Srebrenica genocide mass grave at Pilica farm, twenty feet deep and a hundred feet long, was excavated by forensic pathologists in 1996. Photo by Gilles Peress (from The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar [Scalo Books, 1998]). At least 8,372 men, children and elderly were summarily executed and dumped into mass graves during 1995 genocide in Srebrenica. In a U.N. assisted ethnic cleansing, at least 20,000 women were forcibly expelled from the enclave. As the ICTY Judges found, the decision not to kill all women and children may be explained by the Bosnian Serbs’ sensitivity to public opinion.
(Estimated reading time: 15 minutes)
1. Seeking help to deny genocide in Srebrenica
2. Response to Stefan Karganovic, denier of genocide in Srebrenica
3. Generating media attention to deny genocide in Srebrenica
4. Editors’ Pick: Grossly inflated (and UN-discredited) numbers of Serb victims used to deny genocide in Srebrenica
1. Seeking help to deny genocide in Srebrenica
Karganovic is a man of many ‘talents,’ but he is not a lawyer. He is currently in the Netherlands, working as an “interpreter” for the defence of a convicted Serbian war criminal Momcilo Krajisnik at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Previously, he worked as an interpreter for the Salvation Army in Seattle, WA.
Recently, he tried to pass himself as a person with credibility. He told B92 journalists that the Bosniak victims cannot be denied, but that he wants to talk about “the story of the Serb victims during the war in the Srebrenica area between 1992 and 1995.” He added that “the NGO’s goal is to uncover the truth of what happened during the war in the various municipalities of the Srebrenica region.” He even announced legal action against the UN and the Netherlands.
And then we received an E-mail from krajisnikcase@*****.com, signed by Stefan Karganovic himself, asking for assistance to “investigate the allegations of genocide against Moslem prisoners and correct the record on that score.” Note that he used the term “allegations” when he referred to the Srebrenica genocide. According to Google, his e-mail seems to be associated with Darko Trifunovic, another Srebrenica genocide denier who is also involved with the Krajisnik case. Here is a full copy of Stefan Karganovic’s e-mail sent to us:
I am the head of an NGO based in Den Haag, the Netherlands. Our mission is to collect information about the events surrounding Srebrenica in July 1995, as well as the background of those events, but with a focus on crimes committed against Serb civilians by Moslem forces from the enclave. Our parallel task is to investigate the allegations of genocide against Moslem prisoners and correct the record on that score. In that connection, I am very interested in locating Mr. Carlos Martins Branco, a Portuguese UN official who was in Bosnia at the time, and who has written about these events. I believe that he has valuable first hand information to offer and I would like to interview him. I see that you have published a letter by him on your website. Would you be so kind as to give me his contact information if you have it, or ask him to contact me by giving him my email?
Thank you very much.
President Srebrenica Historical Project
Den Haag, The Netherlands
Telephone: + 31 64 878 **** (Four digits edited for privacy reasons)
2. Response to Stefan Karganovic, denier of genocide in Srebrenica:
We’ve never published any letters from discredited Srebrenica genocide denier Carlos Martins Branco nor we are interested in his opinions. First of all, opinions are cheap, everybody has them. Srebrenica genocide is not a matter of anybody’s opinion; it’s a fact first recognized by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and subsequently by the International Court of Justice.
Srebrenica genocide is an undeniable truth and a historical fact that claimed lives of at least 8,372 men, children, and elderly Bosniaks.
Second of all, you should check your facts straight before you knock on the wrong door and solicit people to assist you in denying Srebrenica genocide. Next time you decide to send solicitation E-mails to unknown addresses, just pause for a moment and look yourself in the mirror. What you will see is an individual who has reduced himself to a Srebrenica genocide denier.
Goodbye and do not contact us again,
3. Seeking media attention to Deny Genocide in Srebrenica
Recently, Stefan Karganovic organized revisionist Srebrenica genocide ‘symphosium’ in Banja Luka. He conveniently dubbed it as the so called “International Symposium About Suffering of the Serbs in Srebrenica.” At this ‘symphosium,’ Karganovic said that he would file a lawsuit against the Netherlands, because Dutchbat (Dutch batallion) troops failed to protect Serbs in Srebrenica. What Karganovic does not understand is the fact that Bosnian Serbs were not even located in Srebrenica, but in the surrounding villages which they conveniently used as military bases to stage attacks against the besieged Bosniak population of the enclave. Nonethless to say that many of these “Serb-held villages” around Srebrenica were ethnically cleansed Bosniak Muslim villages. Dutchbat troops were under the U.N. command and in charge of defending Srebrenica from the Bosnian Serb attacks. Unfortunately, Srebrenica was never safe, because the Serb Army never demilitarized around the enclave even they were required to do so.
One might wonder, what’s the point of Karganovic’s lawsuit against the Dutch state? For example, he knows that Bosniak survivors of genocide recently lost their lawsuit against the Netherlands due to diplomatic immunity enjoyed by the United Nations. Serbs don’t even have any case to begin with, since they had not suffered genocide at Srebrenica, but their Army sure did commit genocide against the Bosniak population of the U.N.-designated “safe area.” But, Karganovic speculates he has nothing to lose. At least, the lawsuit will give him something that he badly needs, namely a better exposure to the mainstream media so he could gain some ‘legitimacy’ promoting innacurate and grossly inflated numbers of Serb casualties around Srebrenica, the same numbers doctored and published by his associate Srebrenica genocide denier – Milivoje Ivanisevic (aka: Milivoj Ivanisevic). Continue reading below….
4. Grossly inflated (and UN-discredited) numbers of Serb victims used to deny genocide in Srebrenica
In order to justify Srebrenica genocide, Serbian right-wing nationalist and a prominent Srebrenice genocide denier – Milivoje Ivanisevic – claimed that more than 3,000 Serb civilians were murdered around Srebrenica. What are the facts?
Florence Hartmann, Spokesperson for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Hague, made the following statement. Asked to comment on the different number of Serb victims in the Srebrenica region published in Belgrade, Hartmann replied that:
“First of all, the OTP is always very careful in the use of the word ‘victim’. Military or Police casualties from combat should not be considered victims in a criminal investigation context, in the same way people are victims from war crimes, such as summary executions. Before speaking about the whole area of Podrinja, including at least the municipalities of Srebrenica, Bratunac, Vlasenica and Skelani, I would comment on the various figures circulating around the Kravica attack of January 1993. The figures circulating of hundreds of victims or claiming that all 353 inhabitants were “virtually completely destroyed” do not reflect the reality…. For the whole region, i.e the municipalities of Srebrenica, Bratunac, Vlasenica and Skelani, the Serb authorities claimed previously that about 1400 people were killed due to attacks committed by the B&H Army forces for the period of May 1992 to March 1995, when Srebrenica was under the control of Naser Oric. Now the figure has become 3,500 Serbs killed. This figure may have been inflated. Taking the term “victims” as defined previously, these figures just does not reflect the reality.” (source: ICTY Press Release)
In a “Myth of Bratunac: Blatant Numbers Game” the internationally evaluated findings by the Research and Documentation Center examined Ivanisevic’s claims and concluded the following:
“The allegations that Serb casualties in Bratunac, between April 1992 and December 1995 amount to over three thousand is an evident falsification of facts. The RDC research of the actual number of Serb victims in Bratunac [just outside of Srebrenica] has been the most extensive carried out in Bosnia and Herzegovina and proves that the overall number of victims is three to nine times smaller than indicated by Serbia and Montenegro. Perhaps the clearest illustration of gross exaggeration is that of Kravica, a Serb village near Bratunac attacked by the Bosnian Army on the morning of Orthodox Christmas, January 7, 1993 . The allegations that the attack resulted in hundreds of civilian victims have been shown to be false. Insight into the original documentation of the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) clearly shows that in fact military victims highly outnumber the civilian ones. The document entitled ‘Warpath of the Bratunac brigade’, puts the military victims at 35 killed and 36 wounded; the number of civilian victims of the attack is eleven…” [source: Research and Documentation Center]
Serbian Human Rights Watch’s made similar conclussions , quote:
“The ultra-nationalist Serbian Radical Party launched an aggressive campaign to prove that Muslims had committed crimes against thousands of Serbs in the area. The campaign was intended to diminish the significance of the July 1995 crime, and many in Serbia were willing to accept that version of history. But as the Oric judgment makes clear, the facts do not support the equivalence thesis. Take the events in the village of Kravica, on the Serb Orthodox Christmas on January 7, 1993, for example. The alleged killing of scores of Serbs and destruction of their houses in the village is frequently cited in Serbia as the key example of the heinous crimes committed by the Muslim forces around Srebrenica. In fact, the Oric judgment confirms that there were Bosnian Serb military forces present in the village at the time of attack. In 1998, the wartime New York Times correspondent Chuck Sudetic wrote in his book on Srebrenica that, of forty-five Serbs who died in the Kravica attack, thirty-five were soldiers. Original Bosnian Serb army documents, according to the ICTY prosecutor and the Sarajevo-based Center for Research and Documentation of War Crimes, also indicate that thirty-five soldiers died. The critics also invoke unreliable statistics. A spokesman for the ruling Democratic Party of Serbia in the wake of the Oric judgment, for example, claimed that “we have documents showing that 3,260 people were found dead around Srebrenica from 1992-1995.”
However, the book Hronike nasih grobalja (Chronicles of Our Graveyards) by the Serb historian Milivoje Ivanisevic (the president of the Belgrade ‘Centre for Investigating Crimes Committed against the Serbian People’), uses the significantly lower figure, of “more than 1,000 persons [who] died,” and contains the list, mostly made of men of military age. Among those killed, there were evidently a significant number of Bosnian Serb soldiers who died in the fighting, like in Kravica.” [source: HRW in Serbia]
He wasn’t even present during the terrible events of July 1995 but still feels qualified to pronounce about them and is anxious to testify before the International Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in defence of Radovan Karadzic, the former Bosnian Serb leader who publicly vowed to commit genocide by destroying Bosnian Muslims from the face of Earth.
Did Dutchbat troops witness crimes against Bosniaks at Srebrenica?
Recently Marco Van Hees met with Srebrenica genocide denier Milivoje Ivanisevic in Belgrade and informed him that no Dutch soldier had witnessed any crimes committed against the Bosniak (Muslim) population of Srebrenica – a claim easily dismissed by evidence previously offered by Dutch soldiers.
“One of the Dutchbat soldiers, during his brief stay in Zagreb upon return from Serb-held territory, was quoted as telling a member of the press that “hunting season [is] in full swing… it is not only men supposedly belonging to the Bosnian Government who are targeted…women, including pregnant ones, children and old people aren’t spared. Some are shot and wounded, others have had their ears cut off and some women have been raped.”
In another incident recorded in the ICTY’s 260 page-ruling in the case of Prosecutor vs. Krstic, “a Dutch Bat medical orderly came across two Serb soldiers raping a young woman:
“[W]e saw two Serb soldiers, one of them was standing guard and the other one was lying on the girl, with his pants off. And we saw a girl lying on the ground, on some kind of mattress. There was blood on the mattress, even she was covered with blood. She had bruises on her legs. There was even blood coming down her legs. She was in total shock. She went totally crazy.”
Hans Thijsen, now President of Reünieverband Dutchbat 3, the association of Dutchbat 3 veterans who served in Srebrenica in 1995, has angrily condemned former Dutchbat member Marco Van Hees for denying genocide at Srebrenica and also for misrepresenting the Dutchbat III web site in Vecernje Novosti. This is Thijsen’s press release translated into English:
We Got You – Fraud Unveiled!
Dutchbat troops,This week in the Serbian media an interview was conducted with the so-called Dutchbat 3 member who has claimed that he represents 15 Dutchbat troops wanting to testify on Karadzic’s behalf and deny genocide at Srebrenica. He also passes himself off as someone associated with our web site. His name is Marco Van Hees (who served in Dutchbat2 from June 1994 to January 1995). The board of the Reunion Connection for Dutchbat 3 members wish to make it clear that this Marco DOES NOT and MUST NOT speak for us. On behalf of all our members we distance ourselves from this individual and his claims about us, and we will take the necessary steps to prevent any repetition.
Voorzitter reünieverband Dutchbat 3
We would like to thank Hans Thijsen for his heartfelt support. Hans Thijsen appeared in a documentary “Monument to Unresolved Grief” commemorating the tragic events and his emotional visit to Srebrenica 10 years after the genocide. For more information, click here.
About 5,200 victims of Europe’s worst genocide since World War 2 have been identified through DNA analysis so far. Approximately, 4000 victims were unearthed from 10 Kamenica mass graves.
PHOTO: Young Bosniak girls look at forensic experts of the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) searching for human remains in a mass grave in remote mountain near the village of Kamenica. Forensic experts said they had unearthed the remains of 362 Bosniak Muslim victims of the 1995 Srebrenica genocide from a mass grave in eastern Bosnia.
Forensic experts had unearthed the remains of 362 victims of the 1995 Srebrenica genocide from the tenth mass grave in Kamenica village. The 1995 Srebrenica genocide claimed lives of 8,000 – 10,000 Bosniaks – men, children, and elderly. Around 4,000 bodies of Srebrenica genocide victims have so far been exhumed from 10 mass graves along the 7-mile road from Srebrenica to the village of Kamenica. The area is more commonly known as “Death Valley.” Thousands of bodies await painstaikingly slow DNA-identification process run by the International Commission on Missing Persons.
PHOTO: Forensic experts of the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) search for human remains in a mass grave in remote mountain near the village of Kamenica.
Murat Hurtic of the regional commission for missing persons said documents recovered at the massacre site showed the victims were from Srebrenica, the eastern enclave that was under United Nations protection when it was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces during the 1992-95 war. Hurtic said the victims were killed at three locations near Srebrenica and transferred to Kamenica from the original graves three months after the execution.
PHOTO: Forensic experts of the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) search for human remains in a mass grave in remote mountain near the village of Kamenica.
“The bodies are well preserved because they had lain in clay before being transferred here,” he said and added that the findings unearthed included 145 complete bodies and 217 incomplete skeletal remains. Victims were hunted down while running through the woods in small groups and shot, or tricked into surrendering and them summarily executed and dumped into mass graves. Bosnian Serbs first buried the bodies near the execution sites but then dug many of them out with bulldozers and re-buried them in so-called “secondary” mass graves, in an attempt to hide the crime.
Experts believe there are more mass graves in the Kamenica area. In 2006, another grave in the valley yielded more than 1,000 body parts, making it the biggest such site in Bosnia. About 5,200 victims of Europe’s worst atrocity since World War Two have been identified through DNA analysis so far.
More coverage on Kamenica mass graves directly from Srebrenica Genocide Blog:
More Srebrenica Genocide Victims Exhumed from Death Valley (Sep 22 2008)
Short excerpt: The victims were initially buried in a dozen mass graves. But after the release of satellite pictures showing large portions of freshly disturbed ground, Serbs moved them to other locations in order to cover up the crimes…
Photos of Srebrenica Genocide Victims Misused by Serbian Extremists (Dec 6 2007)
Short excerpt: This kind of propaganda can be only produced by the sickest minds in order to misinform the public; and this is what they have been doing for the last 15 years with their bold faced lies and propaganda…
Kamenica Death Valley Yields 616 More Corpses (Nov 23 2007)
Short excerpt: We found 76 complete and 540 incomplete bodies,” said Ismet Music, an official of the regional commission for missing persons, standing on the edge of a muddy grave where white-clad forensic pathologists cleaned up bones. This brings the total number of exhumed bodies to over 4,200 just from the “Death Valley” area alone…
More Victims Found as 11th Anniversary of Genocide Looms (Jul 6 2006)
Short excerpt: Forensic experts said on Thursday they had unearthed the remains of 268 victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre – the first legally established case of genocide in Europe after the Holocaust – days before its 11th anniversary…
11th Anniversary of the Massacre (Jul 11 2006)
Short excerpt: Meanwhile, new Srebrenica victims were being unearthed at one of the largest mass graves discovered last month in the village of Kamenica, some 30 kilometers from Srebrenica. Among them – body remains of children; the youngest victim was a 10 year old girl…
Kamenica Mass Grave Yields Over 1,000 Body Parts (Aug 11 2006)
Short excerpt: A 10-person team, including forensic experts from Canada and Serbia employed by the Bosnia-based International Commission on Missing Persons, worked in the 18-meter by 4-meter (60 ft by 13 ft) grave…
Srebrenica Genocide: Crime Against All Humanity (Aug 18 2006)
Short excerpt: In Potocari on July 12 a 14-year-old Bosniak girl hung herself with her scarf after she and her 12-year old cousin were raped by Serb soldiers. By this time Serb soldiers had killed at least 99 people, including 20 to 30 women and children…
Genocide Trial Without Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic (Aug 22 2006)
Short excerpt: “Defenceless men and boys [were] executed by firing squads, buried in mass graves and then dug up and buried again in an attempt to conceal the truth from the world.” Chief U.N. Prosecutor, Carla Del Ponte, said many victims had been bound and blindfolded “to make the murder easier for the executioners”…
Srebrenica Genocide Trials and Mass Graves (Sep 18 2006)
Short excerpt: Ahmo Hasic “believed to be one of only 12 men who survived the slaughter of 8,000 Bosniak men and boys” told the judges he stayed alive only by playing dead after Serb soldiers started shooting.The trial chamber heard a similar testimony last week from Mevludin Oric who described how he lay under a pile of dead bodies for several hours…