LIFE IMPRISONMENT: STANISLAV GALIC TRANSFERED TO GERMANY TO SERVE HIS SENTENCE
PHOTO: Bosnian Serb terrorist, Gen. Stanislav Galic, was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) on 30 November 2006. He was found guilty of terrorizing Sarajevo, including Serb army’s responsibility for 1994 Markale massacre. His trial was the first time the court dealt with the charge of terror, as defined in the 1949 Geneva Convention. His colleague, Dragoljub Milosevic, was also found guilty by the ICTY on terrorism charges, including the second Markale market massacre of 28 August 1995.
On 5 December 2003, the Trial Chamber sentenced Galić to 20 years’ imprisonment for murder, inhumane acts and acts of violence the primary purpose of which was to spread terror amongst the civilian population of Sarajevo. In its judgement, the Trial Chamber found that the civilian population of Sarajevo was subject to deliberate and unprovoked attacks by sniper and mortar fire by the Sarajevo Romanija Corps. As commander of this Corps, Galić was responsible for the crimes carried out by his subordinates – not only was he informed of these crimes, the Trial Chamber also found that he controlled the pace and scale them.
Both the prosecution and defence appealed the Judgement. On 30 November 2006, the Appeals Chamber rendered its decision, dismissing all 19 grounds of appeal by Galić and allowing the prosecution appeal on length of sentence. It found that the sentence rendered by the Trial Chamber had underestimated the severity of Galić’s criminal conduct and sentenced him to life imprisonment.
An information sheet concerning the case can be found on the Tribunal’s website at this pdf link.
The Tribunal indicted 161 persons for serious violations of humanitarian law committed on the territory of former Yugoslavia between 1991 and 2001. Proceedings against 116 persons have been concluded.